ANTHY521-19B (HAM)

Environmental Anthropology

30 Points

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Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Social Sciences
Anthropology

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Convenor(s)

Lecturer(s)

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: rachel.gosnell-maddock@waikato.ac.nz

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: jillene.bydder@waikato.ac.nz

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Paper Description

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This paper (30 points) concentrates on anthropological approaches to human-nature relationships. It explores the meanings people give to the non-human world and local ways of engaging with the environment, including traditional and indigenous environmental knowledge.Popular discourses of sustainability, environmentalism and conservation will be explored with a particular focus on the broader political and economic projects in which these are embedded. The paper provides a critical lens through which to understand contemporary environmental governance, for instance, the relationship between property rights, capitalist markets and resource management in fisheries and other extractive industries. The paper also equips students with an understanding of how anthropology can contribute to current environmental concerns such as climate change.

Linkages to other papers: ANTH 521 is also listed as a core paper in the Masters of Environment and Society https://www.waikato.ac.nz/study/subjects/environment-and-society/

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Paper Structure

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This paper is taught through a weekly two hour seminar. Onus is put on students to complete a weekly set of readings outside of class time. A handbook of readings will be available from Campus Print.

LINKS

1. Great, up-to-date site, established by the journal Environment and Society: http://www.envirosociety.org

2. Anthropology and Environment Society facebook site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Anthropology-and-Environment-Society/127205994087700

3. AAA Anthropology and the Environment site: http://www.aaanet.org/sections/ae/

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:

  • Learning outcomes
    • Understand and critically evaluate the dominant theoretical approaches used in environmental anthropology
    • Gain an insight into the role and politics of indigenous resource use, traditional ecological knowledge, and resource conflicts
    • Gain an understanding of popular discourses used in environmental governance and be able to critically examine these
    • Appreciate the contribution of an anthropological approach to understanding, and mitigating, current environmental concerns
    • Develop and execute a research project within the disciplinary framework of enviromental anthropology
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessment

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Reading responses
20
  • Hand-in: In Lecture
2. Essay
12 Aug 2019
12:00 AM
20
  • Hand-in: In Lecture
3. Research Proposal
16 Aug 2019
12:00 AM
5
  • Hand-in: In Lecture
4. Student presentations
7 Oct 2019
12:00 AM
15
  • Hand-in: In Lecture
5. Final Research Essay
17 Oct 2019
12:00 AM
40
  • Hand-in: In Lecture
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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Week One

8 July Introduction: Theoretical foundations

Readings:

  1. Michael R. Dove, 2001. “Interdisciplinary Borrowing in Environmental Anthropology and the Critique of Modern Science”. In New Directions in Anthropology and the Environment, edited by Carole. L. Crumley. Walnut Creek, California, USAL: Altamira Press, pp. 90-112.
  2. Phil Macnaghten and John Urry, 1998. Rethinking Nature and Society. In Contested Natures. London, UK: Sage, pp. 1-31.
  3. Biersack, A. 2006. Reimagining political ecology: Culture/Power/History. In A. Biersack and J. Greenberg (Eds.) Reimagining Political Ecology. Duke University Press, 3-42.
  4. Tim Ingold, 2000. “Culture, nature, environment: steps to an ecology of life”. In The Perception of the Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. UK, London: Routledge, pp. 13-26.
  5. Week Two

    15 July Indigenous relationships: The politics of traditional ecological knowledge and indigenous resource conflicts

    Readings:

  1. Arun Agrawal. 1995. Dismantling the divide between indigenous and scientific knowledge. Development and Change 26(3): 413-439.
  2. Miguel Alexides. 2009. “The cultural and economic globalisation of traditional environmental knowledge systems.” In Landscape, Process and Power: Re-Evaluating Traditional Environmental Knowledge, edited by Serena Heckler, Berghahn books, pp. 19-67.
  3. Emma Gilberthorpe. 2009. “Pathways to developmen: Identity, Landscape and Industry in Papua New Guinea”, In Landscape, Process and Power: Re-Evaluating Traditional Environmental Knowledge, edited by Serena Heckler, Berghahn books, pp. 122-139.
  4. Mondragón, C. (2004). Of winds, worms and mana: The traditional calendar of the Torres Islands, Vanuatu. Oceania, 74(4), 289-308.
  5. Week 3

22July Human/nature interactions : local resource use and environmentalism

Readings:

  1. Peter Brosius, 1999. Analyses and Interventions: Anthropological Engagements with Environmentalism. Current Anthropology 40(3): 277-309.
  2. Robin Grove-White. 1993. Environmentalism: A New Moral Discourse for Technological Society? In K. Milton, ed. Environmentalism: The View From Anthropology. London, Routledge, pp. 1-17.
  3. Paul Nadasdy, 2005. Transcending the debate over the ecologically noble Indian: Indigenous Peoples and Environmentalism. Ethnohistory 52(2): 291-332.
  4. Niels Einarsson, 1993. "All animals are equal but some are cetaceans." Environmentalism: The view from anthropology: 73-84.
  5. Week 4

    29 JulySacred places, cultural landscapes

Readings:

  1. Tim Ingold, 2000. The Temporality of the Landscape. In The Perception of the Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. UK, London: Routledge, pp. 189-208.
  2. Stuart McLean, 2003. “Céide Fields: Natural Histories of a Buried Landscape”. In Landscape Memory and History: Anthropological Perspectives, edited by P. Stewart and A. Strathern. London, UK: Pluto Press, pp. 47-70.
  3. Michael O’Hanlon and Linda Frankland, 2003. Co-present Landscapes: Routes and Rootedness as Sources of Identity in Highlands New Guinea. In Landscape Memory and History: Anthropological Perspectives, edited by P. Stewart and A. Strathern. London, UK: Pluto Press, pp. 186-188.

Week 5

5 Aug Sustainability: a critique

Readings:

  1. Nicole Peterson. 2015. "Unequal sustainabilities: The role of social inequalities in conservation and development projects." Economic Anthropology 2(2): 264-277.
  2. Fiona McCormack. 2017. Sustainability in New Zealand's quota management system: A convenient story. Marine Policy, 80, 35-46.
  3. Thomas Thornton and Jamie Hebert. 2014. Neoliberal and neocommunal herring fisheries in Southeast Alaska: reframing sustainability in marine ecosystems. Marine Policy
  4. Week 6

    12 August Conservation and Protected areas

    Readings:

  1. Jim Igoe. 2010. "The spectacle of nature in the global economy of appearances: Anthropological engagements with the spectacular mediations of transnational conservation." Critique of Anthropology 30 (4): 375-397.
  2. Sian Sullivan, 2013. "Banking nature? The spectacular financialisation of environmental conservation." Antipode 45(1): 198-217.
  3. Paige West, James Igoe, and Dan Brockington. "Parks and peoples: the social impact of protected areas." Annu. Rev. Anthropol. 35 (2006): 251-277.
  4. McCormack, F. (2018). Māori Saltwater Commons. Commoning Ethnography, 1(1), 9-31.
  5. Week 9

    2 Sept Privatisation and fishing quota systems

    Readings

  1. Fiona McCormack. 2016. Quota systems: Repositioning value in New Zealand, Icelandic and Irish fisheries. In L. Angosto-Ferrandez and G. Presterudstuen (eds.) Anthropologies of Value, Pluto Press.
  2. Reade Davis. 2014. "A Cod Forsaken Place?: Fishing in an Altered State in Newfoundland." Anthropological Quarterly 87 (3): 695-726.
  3. Evelyn Pinkerton and Danielle Edwards. 2009. "The elephant in the room: the hidden costs of leasing individual transferable fishing quotas." Marine Policy 33 (4): 707-713.
  4. Week 10

    9 Sept The rights of nature?

    Readings

  1. Murat Arsel. 2012. Between Marx and Markets. The state, the left turn and nature in Ecuador. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie (Journal of Economic and Social Geography), 103(2), 150-163.
  2. Cristina Espinosa, 2014. The advocacy of the previously inconceivable: A discourse analysis of the Universal declaration of the rights of mother earth at Rio+20. Journal of Environment and Development. 23(4): 391-416.
  3. Anne Salmond, 2014. Tears of Rangi: Water, power, and people in New Zealand. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory, 4(3), 285-309.
  4. Week 11

    16 Sept Multi-species ethnography
  1. Piers Locke and Ursula Muenster. 2015. Multispecies Ethnography. Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press.
  2. Radhika Govindrajan, R. 2015. “The goat that died for family”: Animal sacrifice and interspecies kinship in India's Central Himalayas. American Ethnologist, 42(3), 504-519.
  3. Marianne Lien and John Law, J. (2011). ‘Emergent aliens’: On Salmon, nature, and their enactment. Ethnos, 76(1), 65-87.
  4. Goldberg-Hiller, J., & Silva, N. K. (2011). Sharks and pigs: animating Hawaiian sovereignty against the anthropological machine. South Atlantic Quarterly, 110(2), 429-446.
  5. Week 12

    23 Sept The Anthropocene

    Readings:

  1. Donna Haraway, D, 2015. Anthropocene, capitalocene, plantationocene, chthulucene: Making kin. Environmental Humanities, 6(1), 159-165.
  2. Andreas Malm and Alf Hornborg. "The geology of mankind? A critique of the Anthropocene narrative." The Anthropocene Review 1, no. 1 (2014): 62-69.
  3. Amelia Moore "Anthropocene anthropology: reconceptualizing contemporary global change." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 22, no. 1 (2016): 27-46.
  4. Donna Haraway, Noboru Ishikawa, Scott F. Gilbert, Kenneth Olwig, Anna L. Tsing, and Nils Bubandt. "Anthropologists are talking–about the Anthropocene." Ethnos 81, no. 3 (2016): 535-564.
  5. Week 13

    30 Sept Environmental crisis: Anthropological engagements

    Readings:

  1. Susan Crate. 2011. "Climate and culture: anthropology in the era of contemporary climate change." Annual Review of Anthropology 40: 175-194.
  2. Carla Roncoli, Todd Crane & Ben Orlove. 2009. Fielding climate change in cultural anthropology. In Anthropology and Climate Change: From Encounters to Actions, edited by Susan Crate and Mark Nuttall, California, Left Coast Press pp 87-115.
  3. Rudiak-Gould, P. (2012). Promiscuous corroboration and climate change translation: A case study from the Marshall Islands. Global Environmental Change, 22(1), 46-54.
  4. Carol Farbotko and Heather Lazrus. 2012. "The first climate refugees? Contesting global narratives of climate change in Tuvalu." Global Environmental Change 22, no. 2: 382-390.
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Other Resources

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Links

1. Great, up-to-date site, established by the journal Environment and Society: http://www.envirosociety.org

2. Anthropology and Environment Society facebook site: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Anthropology-and-Environment-Society/127205994087700

3. AAA Anthropology and the Environment site: http://www.aaanet.org/sections/ae/

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Online Support

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This paper is supported by moodle. You will find additional readings, assignment guidelines and other material of relevance under weekly topics.
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Workload

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This is a 30pt graudate paper, which is the equivalent to 300 hours of study during the semester.
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Linkages to Other Papers

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ANTH 521 is also listed as a core paper in the Masters of Environment and Society https://www.waikato.ac.nz/study/subjects/environment-and-society/
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Prerequisite(s)

Anthropology undergraduate degree or equivalent.

Corequisite(s)

Equivalent(s)

Restriction(s)

Restricted papers: ANTH521

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