Early Intervention for Children with Special Needs
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This paper is intended to enable students to understand the philosophical and developmental justification for early intervention programmes for young children with special needs and their families. The focus will be on early intervention carried out in a range of contexts. The paper content will include: concepts of disability models and design of early intervention programmes; assessment; curriculum; parent partnerships and evaluation of processes. The paper also looks into developing research interests/ topics with students.
Several key questions are investigated in the paper, the first being - What is ‘early intervention’? Three different perspectives inform responses to this question. Early intervention can be linked to:
- (normative) life-span development
- the point at which a biological/social issue of different-from-normal becomes a salient issue
- an enquiry into the response mechanisms put into place
The second question focuses on who/what are ‘children with special needs’? Typically, the answer to this question is 'children and young people who are considered different-to-normal as indicated by appearance and/or behaviour'.
The above definitions recognise that traditional ideas about early intervention/special education and the response mechanisms they support have particular ‘funds of knowledge’ associated with them. These assumptions are connected to biomedical/psychosocial categorisations of individual deficit that activate how the ‘support needed’ aspect of an early intervention is framed, organised and delivered in relation to the child/young person concerned. How the concept of ‘support needed’ equally engages with wider practices of exclusivity/inclusivity influenced by stereotyping, prejudice and fear, is an area of academic consideration that is less well developed within early intervention frameworks of understanding. In this paper interventions particularly related to (embodied) notions of sexuality, disability and other forms of (social) difference will also be considered, along with what intervention-related responses these notions can inspire and the value of them to the young person/people concerned.
This paper will be taught online between Monday, 8 July and Friday, 11 October 2019. Class interaction takes place in Moodle, the Learning Management System used at the University of Waikato. Assignments are also uploaded online.
Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:
Linked to the following assessments:
- Critique the current ‘global climate’ of early intervention
- Demonstrate a greater knowledge of early intervention, special education and implications for various contexts
- Demonstrate skills in evaluating and critiquing a range of literature and research
- Develop an understanding of some of the philosophical developments and issues(in which this topic is located).
- Review early intervention research and development in order to gain an understanding of the pedagogy (involved) so these can be related to a student’s own needs, experiences and research interests.
The assessment strategy is designed to address University criteria for study at 500 level. It is fundamental to the aims, objectives and pedagogic rationale of the paper. The overall aim of the assignments is to give students the opportunity to:
- Reflect on historical and philosophical issues related to early intervention, inclusion and the implications for practice
- Reflect on current trends and issues related to early intervention and inclusion both nationally and internationally, and address potential implications for practice in our education and community systems
- Analysis of the inclusive practice and investigation of potential research opportunities
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.
Error: Assessment components must add up to 100%
At least one Assessment Component needs to be entered
|Component Description||Due Date||Time||Percentage of overall mark||Submission Method||Compulsory|
|1. Contemporary critique of literature||
18 Aug 2019
|2. Planned intervention||
22 Sep 2019
|3. Weekly online quizzes||
|4. Engagement in-class and online||
11 Oct 2019
No set time
Required and Recommended Readings*
Ko nga panui matua
An electronic reading list is available electronically via the Reading List for TEACH200. You can access these via the Reading List tab on Moodle or via the Reading Lists tab on the library homepage (https://www.waikato.ac.nz/library/ (https://www.waikato.ac.nz/library/)
This paper is supported by an online Moodle site. Notices will be distributed through this site, and all assignments (except in class presentations) must be submitted through the site.
Each week the site will be updated with information about the week’s tutorial and any relevant information. You should check the class Moodle site on a regular basis.
Online web address: http://elearn.waikato.ac.nz/ or you can click on the Moodle link on the university home page.
You can use the online website for general questions, for giving feedback on how things are going, and for contacting your tutor. Any issues can be discussed with your tutor or the paper convenor through the Private Conversation forum on the Moodle site.