Māori Lands and Communities
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This paper introduces students to Māori geographical perspectives and examines key events that shape Māori communities and their relationships to land, water and other taonga. The paper begins by examining foundational beliefs and values which underpin Māori culture, identity and relationships to land, taonga and people. It then focuses on the changing landscapes of the 19th and 20th Centuries. There is a specific focus on the signing of Te Whakaputanga o te rangatiratanga o Niu Tīreni, Te Tiriti o Waitangi, the Native Land Court and the post treaty aftermath. We then move on to look at contemporary legislation impacting Māori lands and resources, specifically the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act. Case studies are used to illustrate the complex and diverse nature of contemporary Māori land tenure, governance structures, resource management, treaty settlements, tribal development, media representations, and other issues affecting Māori lands and communities.
The paper consists of two lectures every week. Students should attend all lectures.
Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:
Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:
Linked to the following assessments:
- Identify key concepts and values that underpin Māori relationships to land and other taonga;
- Recognise the diversity of whānau, hapū and iwi relationships to land and other taonga;
- Understand better the processes and impacts of colonisation on Māori lands and communities;
- Begin to understand the role of legislation, specifically the Native Land Acts, Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act, in shaping land tenure and use in Aotearoa;
- Demonstrate critical thinking about a range of contemporary issues affecting tangata whenua
Assessments will be discussed in detail during class time and specific assessment criteria for each assessment item will be provided.
Worth 20% of the overall grade.
Reading reflections are designed to encourage students to complete readings before coming to class, to reflect more deeply on the content of the reading, to make personal meaning from the meaning, and to develop their analysis and writing skills.
For this assessment you are required to produce a READING REFLECTION FOR FIVE of the course readings. These should be completed and uploaded to Moodle prior to coming to class for that week (Monday 10am at the latest). Each reading reflection is worth a total of 4% and assessment criteria will be provided and discussed in class.
Reading reflections should be:
- Approximately ONE typed A4 page in length;
- Provide a concise yet considered analysis of the reading IN YOUR OWN WORDS;
- For each reading summary you should ask TWO questions of the reading that you would like to discuss in class.
- Reflections (including questions) must be uploaded to Moodle as per the due dates below.
- Reading reflections should be written as an academic piece of writing using appropriate language, grammar and referencing
- Summarise and discuss key arguments in the reading;
- Link readings to class content;
- Consider the students own assumptions as they may relate to or be challenged by the reading.
NOTE: Students are required to complete all set readings for the course, even though only FIVE Reading Reflections are required. The Test and Exam will draw from material across all of the course readings.
1. READING 1 Due: Monday 15 July 2019 10 am
Stokes E., Begg. M.M. 1997: Te Whenua Tautohetohe – Land in contention, the Waikato region in the nineteenth century, New Zealand Geographical Society, Waikato Branch. (part II, pages 10 22)
2. READING 2 Due: Monday 22 July 2019 10 am
Wheen N.R,. Hayward J., 2012: The Meaning of Treaty Settlements and the Evolution of the Treaty Settlement Process. In Treaty of Waitangi Settlements, Wheen N.R & Haywood (eds), New Zealand Law Foundation
3. READING 3 Due: Monday 2 September 2019 10 am
Simmonds, N. B., Kukutai, T., & Ryks, J. (2016). Here to stay: Reshaping the regions through mana Māori. In P. Spoonley (Ed.), Rebooting the Regions: Why low or zero growth needn’t mean the end of prosperity (pp. 79–105).
4. READING 4 Due: Monday 9 September 2019 10 am
Roberts M., Norman W., Minhinnick N., Wihongi D. & Kirkwood C..1998: Kaitiakitanga: Māori perspectives on Conservation. In Pacific Conservation Biology, 2(1) 7 – 205.
5. READING 5 Due: Monday 23 Oct 2019 10 am
Larsen, S. and J. Johnson 2012. In between worlds: Place, experience and research in Indigenous geography, Journal of Cultural Geography 29(1): 1-13.
Worth 20% of the overall grade to be completed in class on Thursday 15 August 2019
Students will be required to sit a test on material covered in the first half of the paper. The test will comprise of short answer sections and longer paragraph answer questions. Students will have the full length of class time to complete the test.
Worth 20% of the overall grade 2000 words Due Friday 11 October 2019
Students must write an essay on ONE of the following topics:
1. "There is a well-known aphorism that says Maori walk backwards into the future, that is, they take the past with them in advancing into the unknown" (Kawharu, M. 2012, 222). Write an essay that evaluates this statement in relation to Māori land, use examples to support your answer.
2. Choose either the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act or the Resource Management Act. In your essay, provide a brief summary and history of the legislation, discuss the recent changes and the impacts that this legislation has had on Māori land and communities.
3. Using examples, write an essay considering the 'symbols' of colonisation that are part of the Waikato landscape. In your essay, use literature to consider/reconsider the history, meaning and potentially competing values that are part of these symbols and thus part of the landscape.
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 30% of the overall mark.
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 30% or 0% of the overall mark.
Error: Assessment components must add up to 100%
At least one Assessment Component needs to be entered
|Component Description||Due Date||Time||Percentage of overall mark||Submission Method||Compulsory|
|1. Five reading reflections||
15 Aug 2019
11 Oct 2019
Required and Recommended Readings*
A course readings list has been prepared for this paper and will be available via Moodle. All readings are managed by the university’s online Reading List Talis Aspire system. This means you will not need to purchase a readings book for this course.
Online support is via the paper management system Moodle. Paper materials will be made available to students via Moodle. Such materials include important announcements and documents (including the paper outline and lecture notes).
PLEASE NOTE there is no University of Waikato requirement that lecture notes, in whatever form, be provided to students via Moodle. Furthermore, the notes made available on Moodle may not be an exact copy of the lecture as presented in class.
Lecture material is also provided via Panopto recordings.
This paper is held in the B Semester. It has four contact hours weekly, through two lectures. Students are expected to attend all sessions and complete the required readings. If we consider that the ‘normal’ annual load for a BSocSc or BA is seven papers we can then calculate that on the basis of a 17 week semester (including recess and study periods) the student should spend around 10 hours a week on average working on the paper. This includes attending classes, connecting to Moodle and completing assessed work and readings.
Linkages to Other Papers*
GEOG101, GEOG103 or TTWA150
Restricted papers: GEOG219