GEOGY219-21B (HAM)

Māori Lands and Communities

15 Points

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Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Social Sciences


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Paper Description

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This paper introduces students to Māori geographies and examines key events that shape Māori communities and their relationships to land, water and other taonga. The paper begins by examining foundational beliefs and values which underpin Māori culture, identity and relationships to land and taonga tuku iho. There is a specific focus on Te Whakaputanga o te rangatiratanga o Niu Tīreni, Te Tiriti o Waitangi and the Native Land Court. The paper examines the post treaty aftermath and colonial mechanisms of land appropriation and marginalisation in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Contemporary legislation that impacts Māori lands and resources, Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act, are explored alongside case studies to illustrate the complex and diverse geographies of contemporary Māori. Students who take this paper will develop an understanding of the complexities of land tenure, governance structures, resource management, treaty settlements, tribal development and media representations affecting Māori lands and communities.

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Paper Structure

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The paper contains two weekly lectures. Assessments include an essay, quizzes that focus on literature and documentaries and two tests.

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Students will:
    • Identify key concepts and values that underpin Māori connections to land and other taonga;
    • Recognise the diversity of whānau, hapū and iwi relationships;
    • Understand better the processes and impacts of colonisation on Māori lands and communities;
    • Begin to understand the role of legislation, specifically the Native Land Acts, Te Ture Whenua Māori Act and the Resource Management Act, in shaping land tenure and use in Aotearoa;
    • Demonstrate critical thinking about a range of contemporary issues affecting tangata whenua
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessments will be discussed in detail during class and specific assessment criteria for each assessment item will be provided.


Worth 10% of the overall grade due: 31 July 2021 5 pm

In this assessment students are to prepare a pepeha. A pepeha is a formal introduction used to introduce oneself in Māori spaces and places following tikanga (Māori protocols and customs). This assessment is designed to encourage students to explore their heritage and positionality in relation to Māori geographies.

More information and resources will be given in Moodle and in lectures.


Worth 10% of the overall grade.

This assessment is worth 10% of the final grade. You are to complete five (5) quizzes that focus on literature and documentaries from the Required Reading List. Each quiz contains 3 questions. Readings and quizzes are to be completed during the corresponding week of lectures. This assessment is designed to support your learning. Completing this assessment will ensure you have the required knowledge to be successful in the paper.

NOTE: Students are required to complete all Required readings set for the course, even though only FIVE quizzes are required for this assessment. The Final Test will draw from material across all lectures and Required readings.


The mid-semester test is worth 20% of the overall grade, due: 20 August, 2021
Students will be required to sit a mid-semester test online. All questions will relate to both the course readings and lecture material from the first half of the semester. The test will comprise of short answer sections and longer paragraph answer questions.


Worth 25% of the overall grade 2000 words, due: 8 October 2021
Students must write an essay on ONE of the following topics:
1.Choose either Te Ture Whenua Māori Act or the Resource Management Act. In your essay, provide a brief summary of the legislation, discuss the recent changes and the impacts that this legislation has had on Māori land and communities.
3.Using examples, write an essay considering the 'symbols' of colonisation that are part of the Waikato landscape. In your essay, use literature to consider/reconsider the history, meaning and potentially competing values that are part of these symbols and thus part of the landscape.


Worth 30% final grade, due: 15 October 2021

The final test will be delivered online and will take place during the exam period. Questions in the final test will relate to lecture material and readings from the entire course.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 30% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 70:30 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 30% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1.  5 literature quizzes
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Exploring pepeha
29 Jul 2021
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
3. Mid semester test
20 Aug 2021
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Essay
8 Oct 2021
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
5. Final test
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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A Required reading list has been prepared for this paper and will be available via Moodle. All readings are managed by the university’s online Reading List Talis Aspire system. This means you will not need to purchase a readings book for this course.

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Online Support

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Online support is via the paper management system Moodle. Paper materials will be made available to students via Moodle. Such materials include important announcements and documents (including the paper outline and lecture notes).

PLEASE NOTE there is no University of Waikato requirement that lecture notes, in whatever form, be provided to students via Moodle. Furthermore, the notes made available on Moodle may not be an exact copy of the lecture as presented in class.

Lecture material is also provided via Panopto recordings.

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This paper is held in the B Semester. It has four contact hours weekly, through two lectures. Students are expected to attend all sessions and complete the required readings. If we consider that the ‘normal’ annual load for a BSocSc or BA is seven papers we can then calculate that on the basis of a 17 week semester (including recess and study periods) the student should spend around 10 hours a week on average working on the paper. This includes attending classes, connecting to Moodle and completing assessed work and readings.

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Linkages to Other Papers

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GEOG101, GEOG103 or TTWA150

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Restricted papers: GEOG219

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