IRSST315-22B (NET)

International Politics of Asia

15 Points

Edit Header Content
Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Social Sciences
Political Science and Public Policy


Edit Staff Content




Placement/WIL Coordinator(s)


Student Representative(s)

Lab Technician(s)



You can contact staff by:

  • Calling +64 7 838 4466 select option 1, then enter the extension.
  • Extensions starting with 4, 5, 9 or 3 can also be direct dialled:
    • For extensions starting with 4: dial +64 7 838 extension.
    • For extensions starting with 5: dial +64 7 858 extension.
    • For extensions starting with 9: dial +64 7 837 extension.
    • For extensions starting with 3: dial +64 7 2620 + the last 3 digits of the extension e.g. 3123 = +64 7 262 0123.
Edit Staff Content

Paper Description

Edit Paper Description Content

The paper will explore the history behind, and analyse the current status of, four critically important international issues in Asia: the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan; rising tensions in the South China Sea; the situation on the Korean Peninsula; and the likelihood of war over Taiwan's status. In so doing, the conflict potential of each will be highlighted along with the likely prospects for mitigating, and ultimately resolving, them. Since these issues do no occur in isolation, major power competition and the regional security architecture will also be considered.

Edit Paper Description Content

Paper Structure

Edit Paper Structure Content
This NET paper is taught through Panopto recorded weekly lectures and videos on Moodle.
Edit Paper Structure Content

Learning Outcomes

Edit Learning Outcomes Content

Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • gain an understanding of the international politics of Asia including the identification of 'flashpoints' and the nature of major power relations
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • demonstrate their awareness and understanding of the background to, and the conflict potential of, each of the four issues
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • gain an appreciation and understanding of how crucial these issues are for the maintenance of stability in Asia and some of the degree of difficulty and complexity apparent in efforts to deal with them
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • write in a structured sequential way; show an ability to sustain a line of argument; and an ability to draw appropriate conclusions based on the material presented
    Linked to the following assessments:
Edit Learning Outcomes Content
Edit Learning Outcomes Content


Edit Assessments Content

This takes the form of three short essays and one test.

Choose your three essays from the following questions:

  1. Are India and Pakistan ever likely to try to resolve the Kashmir dispute militarily?
  2. How has China's recent island-building and subsequent militarisation in the South China Sea changed the situation there?
  3. Why are nuclear weapons so important to North Korea?
  4. Why has China refrained so far from using military force to reunify Taiwan with the mainland?

Each essay should be between 750 and 1000 words long.

The test at the end of the paper will take the form of one essay style question which will be provided a week in advance.

Edit Additional Assessment Information Content

Assessment Components

Edit Assessments Content

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. First essay
18 Aug 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Second essay
15 Sep 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
3. Third essay
6 Oct 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Test
21 Oct 2022
11:30 PM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
Edit Assessments Content

Required and Recommended Readings

Edit Required Readings Content

Required Readings

Edit Required Readings Content
There are no required readings for this paper
Edit Required Readings Content

Recommended Readings

Edit Recommended Readings Content

The Kashmir dispute

Origins of the dispute and the 1947/48 war

A. Lamb, Asian Frontiers: Studies in a Continuing Problem [DS33.3.L3 1968]

F. Robinson et. al., (eds), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and the Maldives [DS334.9.C36 1989 Ref.]

Aitzaz Ahsan, The Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan [DS376.9.H35 1996]

Vernon Hewitt, The New International Politics of South Asia [DS341.H491 1997]

Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal, Modern South Asia [DS340.B66 1998]

Patrick French, Liberty or Death [DS480.842.F74 1998]

Selig S. Harrison et. al. (eds.), India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years [DS335.I4854 1999]

Stanley Wolpert, India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation? [eBook]

Graham P. Chapman, The Geopolitics of South Asia [JC319.C48 2000]

Alastair Lamb, Kashmir: A Disputed Legacy, 1846-1990 [DS485.K25L36 1991]

Alastair Lamb, Birth of a Tragedy: Kashmir 1947 [DS485.K27L36 1994]

Philip Ziegler, Mountbatten [DA89.1.MS9254 1985]

Alastair Lamb, Crisis in Kashmir, 1947-1966 [DS485.K2L33]

Josef Korbel, Danger in Kashmir [DS485.K2K75 1966]

J. Vasquez, “Distinguishing Rivals that go to War from those that do not: a quantitative comparative case study of the two paths to war”, International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 4, 1996

Rahman Mushtaqur, Divided Kashmir [DS485.K27R33 1996]

L. Collins and D. Lapierre, Freedom at Midnight [DS480.84.C75 1995]

Victoria Schofield, Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War [DS485.K25S38 2003]

K. C. Yadav (ed.), India Divided, 1947 [DS480.842.I53 2006]

Rakesh Ankit, The Kashmir Conflict. From Empire to the Cold War, 1945-66 [eBook]

Amritjit Singh et al., Revisiting India’s Partition [eBook]

Scott Gates & Kaushik Roy, Limited War in South Asia. From Decolonization to Recent Times [eBook]

T. C. A. Raghavan, The People Next Door: The Curious History of India-Pakistan Relations [eBook]

Rathnam Indurthy, India-Pakistan Wars and the Kashmir Crisis [eBook]

1989 onwards

Robert G. Wirsing, India, Pakistan and the Kashmir Dispute [DS485.K27W57 1994]

Sunit Ganguly, The Crisis in Kashmir: Portents of War, Hopes of Peace [DS485.K27G37 1997]

Eric Arnett (ed.), Military Capacity and the Risk of War:China, India, Pakistan and Iran [UA830.M531997]

Brahma Chellaney, “After the Tests:India’s Options”, Survival, Vol. 40, No. 4, Winter 1998-99

Michael Quinlan, “How Robust is India-Pakistan Deterrence?”, Survival, Vol.42, No.4, Winter 2000-01

M K. Akbar, Kargil: Cross Border Terrorism [DS486.K3347A5 1999]

Mahmud Ali Durrani, India and Pakistan: The Cost of Conflict, the Benefits of Peace [DS450.P18D87 2001]

Andrew C. Winner & Toshi Yoshihara, “India and Pakistan at the Edge”, Survival, Vol.44, No.3, Autumn 2002

Sten Widmalm, Kashmir in Comparative Perspective [JQ620.K32W54 2002]

P. R. Chari et. al., Perception, Politics and Security in South Asia: The Compound Crisis of 1990 [DS450.P18C53 2003]

Stuart Croft, “South Asia’s Arms Control Process: Cricket Diplomacy and the Composite Dialogue”, International Affairs, Vol.81, Issue 5, October 2005

Michael Quinlan, “India-Pakistan Deterrence Revisited”, Survival, Vol.47, No.3, Autumn 2005

S. Paul Kapur, “India and Pakistan’s Unstable Peace”, International Security, Vol.30, No.2, Fall 2005

Praveen Swami, India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad [DS485.K27S93 2007]

Anand K. Verma, “Siachen: An Episode to Remember”, Indian Defence Review, 21 May, 2014,

Walter C. Ludwig III, “A Cold Start for Hot Wars? The Indian Army’s New Limited War Doctrine”, International Security, Vol.32, No.3, Winter 2007/08

Owen Bennett-Jones, “Musharraf’s Kashmir Policy”, Asian Affairs, Vol.XXXVIII, no.III, November 2007

Sumit Ganguly, “Nuclear Stability in South Asia”, International Security, Vol.33, No.2, Fall 2008

Rajesh Basrur, South Asia’s Cold War [UA832.7.B376 2008]

Vipin Narang, “Posturing for Peace?: Pakistan’s Nuclear Postures and South Asian Stability”, International Security, Vol. 34, No. 3, Winter 2009/10.

Ashutosh Misra, India – Pakistan. Coming to Terms [JZ1737.A57P18 2010]

T.V. Paul, “Why has the India-Pakistan Rivalry Been so Enduring? Power Asymmetry and an Intractable Conflict”, Security Studies, 15, no.4, October-December 2006

Stephen P. Cohen, Shooting for a Century: Finding Answers to the India-Pakistan Conundrum [eBook]

Jaganath Sankaran, ‘Pakistan’s Battlefield Nuclear Policy.A Risky Solution to an Exaggerated Threat’, International Security, Vol.39, No.3 (Winter 2014/15)

Victoria Schofield, ‘Why Kashmir Is Still Important’, Asian Affairs, Vol.XLVI, no.1 2015

George Perkovich & Toby Dalton, Not War, Not Peace: Motivating Pakistan to Prevent Cross-Border Terrorism [eBook]

Myra MacDonald, Defeat Is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War [eBook]

Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri, Neither a Hawk Nor a Dove: An Insider’s Account of Pakistan’s Foreign Relations Including Details of the Kashmir Framework [DS383.5.A2K37 2016]

Sumit Ganguly, Deadly Impasse. Indo-Pakistan Relations at the Dawn of a New Century [eBook]

Mahesh Shankar & T. V. Paul, “Nuclear doctrines and stable strategic relationships: the case of south Asia”, International Affairs 92: 1 (2016)

Kanti Bajpal, 'Narendra Modi's Pakistan and China policy: assertive bilateral diplomacy, active coalition diplomacy', International Affairs, 93:1 (2017)

Shrey Khanna, 'Interpreting the Perennial Impasse in Indo-Pak Relations', Asian Survey, Vol.59, No.3, 2019

Rathnam Indurthy, India-Pakistan Wars

T. Neegan Pegali, 'Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons and the Kargil Conflict: Reassessing Their Role in the Two Sides' Decision-Making', Asian Survey, Vol.60, Issue 2, March/April 2020

The South China Sea disputes

Ian James Storey, ‘Creeping Assertiveness: China, the Philippines and the South China Sea Dispute’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.21, No.1, April 1999

Liselotte Odgaard, Maritime Security between China and Southeast Asia [UA853.S68O34 2002]

Leszek Buszynski, ‘ASEAN, the Declaration on Conduct, and the South China Sea’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.25, No.3, December 2003

Joshua H. Ho, ‘The Security of SeaLanes in Southeast Asia’, Asian Survey, Vol.XLVI, No.4, July/August 2006

Shicun Wu & Keyuan Zou (eds.), Maritime Security in the South China Sea [VS113.S66W8 2009]

David Scott, “Conflict Irresolution in the South China Sea”, Asian Survey, Vol.52, No.6, November/December 2012

Nien-Tsu Alfred Hu & Ted L. McDorman (eds.), Maritime Issues in the South China Sea [KZA1146.C6M37 2013]

Bonnie S. Glaser, ‘Conflict in the South China Sea. Contingency Planning Memorandum Update’,

Maritime Awareness Project, [This includes a very useful interactive map of the South China Sea]

Ashley Townshend & Professor Rory Medcalf, Shifting Waters: China’s New Passive Assertiveness in Asian Maritime Security, 29 April 2016,

Yann-huei Song & Keyuan Zou (eds.), Major Law and Policy Issues in the South China Sea [eBook]

Jing Huang & Andrew Billo, Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea [KZA1692.T47 2015]

Special issue on ‘China’s Maritime Embroilments’, Asian Survey, Vol.55, No.3 (May/June 2015)

Bill Hayton, The South China Sea: The Struggle for Power in Asia [DS525.8.H39 2014]

J. Bekkevold et al., International Order at Sea [eBook]

Do Thanh Hai, Vietnam and the South China Sea [eBook]

C. J. Jenner & Tran Truong Thuy (eds.), The South China Sea. A Crucible of Regional Cooperation or Conflict-making Sovereignty Claims? [eBook]

Zhou Fangyin, “Between Assertiveness and self-restraint: understanding China’s South China Sea policy”, International Affairs, 92: 4 2016

“Roundtable: The Arbitral Tribunal’s Ruling on the South China Sea: The Scope and Implications of the Arbitral Tribunal’s Award”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 38, Number 3, December 2016

Enrico Fels & Truong-Minh Vu (eds.), Power Politics in Asia’s Contested Waters Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea [eBook]

Yang Razali Kassim, The South China Sea Disputes. Flashpoints, Turning points and Trajectories [eBook]

Barthelemy Courmont (ed.), Assessing Maritime Disputes in East Asia [eBook]

Nalanda Roy, ‘Fantasy or Fiction: Marching of the Dragon in the South China Sea’, Asian Affairs, 48:2, 2017

Hongzhou Zhang & Sam Bateman, 'Fishing Militia, the Securitization of Fishery and the South China Sea Dispute', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 39, Number 2, August 2017

Ian Storey, 'Assessing the ASEAN-China Framework for the Code of Conduct for the South China Sea', ISEAS Perspective, 2017, No. 62,

Richard Q Turcsanyi, ‘What's Really Behind Chinese Assertiveness in the South China Sea?’, Diplomat, 21 December 2017,

Bill Hayton, 'The Modern Creation of China's 'Historic Rights' Claim in the South China Sea', Asian Affairs, Vol. XLIX, no. III, 2018

Nehginpao Kipgen, 'ASEAN and China in the South China Sea Disputes', Asian Affairs, Vol. XLIX, no. III, 2018

Huiyen Feng & Kai He (eds.), US-China Competition and the South China Sea Disputes [eBook]

Han Nguyen Nguyen Nha, Vietnam, Territoriality and the South China Sea [eBook]

Denny Roy, 'Assertive China: Irredentism or Expansionism', Survival, Vol.61, No.1, February-March 2019

Hoang Thi Ha, "From Declaration to Code: Continuity and Change in China's Engagement with ASEAN on the South China Sea", ISEAS Trends in Southeast Asia 2019, no.5,

Douglas Guilfoyle, 'The rule of law and maritime security: understanding lawfare in the South China Sea', International Affairs, 95: 5, 2019

C. J. Jenner & Tran Truong Thuy, The South China Sea. A Crucible of Regional Cooperation or Conflict-making Sovereignty Claims? [eBook]

Steve Chan, China's Troubled Waters. Maritime Disputes in Theoretical Perspective [eBook]

Tran Truong Thuy et al., Building a Normative Order in the South China Sea [eBook]

Ian Storey, 'The South China Sea Dispute in 2020-2021', ISEAS Perspective, 2020, No.97,

Suisheng Zhao, 'East Asian Disorder: China and the South China Sea Disputes', Asian Survey, Vol.60, Issue 3, May/June 2020

Anisa Heritage & Pak K. Lee, 'The Sino-American confrontation in the South China Sea: insights from an international order perspective', Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol.33, Issue 1, 2020

Jiye Kim & Daniel Druckman, 'Shelved sovereignty or invalid sovereignty? The South China Sea negotiations, 1992-2016', The Pacific Review, Vol.33, Issue 1, 2020

Feng Zhang, 'China's long march at sea: explaining China's South China Sea Strategy, 2009-2016', The Pacific Review, Vol.33, Issue 5, 2020

Andrew Chubb, "PRC Assertiveness in the South China Sea", International Security, Vol.45, No.3 (Winter 2020/21)

Nalanda Roy, Navigating Uncertainty in the South China Sea Disputes [eBook]

Elina Noor (ed.), The South China Sea: Realities and Responses in Southeast Asia,

The Korean Peninsula

Max Hastings, The Korean War [DS918.H34 1993]

Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War [DS917.55.C85]

Sergei N. Goncharov et al., Uncertain Partners: Stalin, Mao and the Korean War [DS740.5.S65G66]

John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment [E744.G24 1982]

B. K. Gills, Korea versus Korea: A case of contested legitimacy [DS917.444.G55 1996]

Suk Jung Lee, Ending the Last Cold War: Korean Arms Control and Security in NE Asia [JZ5645.L44 1997]

Denny Roy, 'North Korea as an Alienated State', Survival, Vol.38, No.4, Winter 1996-97

Leon V. Sigal, Disarming Strangers: Nuclear Diplomacy with North Korea [JZ5675.S55 1998]

Michael O'Hanlon, 'Stopping a North Korean Invasion: Why Defending South Korea is Easier than the Pentagon thinks', International Security, Vol.22, No.4, Spring 1998

Robert A. Manning, 'The US and the Endgame in Korea: Assessment, Scenarios and Implications', Asian Survey, Vol.37, No.11, November 1997

Victor D. Cha, 'Engaging North Korea Credibly', Survival, Vol.42, No.2, Summer 2000

Norman D Levin & Yong-Sup Han, Sunshine in Korea: The South Korean Debate Over Policies Toward North Korea [eBook]

Joel S Wit et al., Going Critical: The First North Korean Nuclear Crisis [eBook]

Samuel S. Kim, The Two Koreas and the Great Powers [eBook]

Yōichi Funabashi, The Peninsula Question : A Chronicle of the Second Korean Nuclear Crisis [eBook]

Seung-Ho Joo & Tae-Hwan Kwak,North Korea's Second Nuclear Crisis and Northeast Asian Security [eBook]

Siegfried S. Hecker, 'Denuclearizing North Korea', Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 64:2, 2008

Andrei Lankov, ‘Changing North Korea’, Foreign Affairs, Vol.88, Issue 6, November/December 2009

Peter Hayes & Scott Bruce, ‘North Korean Nuclear Nationalism and the Threat of Nuclear War in Korea’, Pacific Focus, Vol. XXVI, No. 1, April 2011

Bruce W. Bennett & Jennifer Lind, ‚’The Collapse of North Korea: Military Missions and Requirements’, International Security, Vol. 36, No. 2, Fall 2011

Markus Schiller, Characterizing the North Korean Nuclear Missile Threat [eBook]

Thomas Plant & Ben Rhode, ‘China, North Korea and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons’, Survival, Vol.55, No.2, April-May 2013

Mark Fitzpatrick, ‘North Korea: Is Regime Change the Answer?, Survival, Vol.55, No.3, June-July 2013

David C. Gompert, ‘North Korea: Preparing for the End’, Survival, Vol.55, No.3, June-July 2013

Bruce W. Bennett, Preparing for the Possibility of a North Korean Collapse [eBook]

Bruce Cumings, ‘Getting North Korea wrong’, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 71:4, July 2015

Tara O, The Collapse of North Korea Challenges, Planning and Geopolitics of Unification [eBook]

Denny Roy, ‘Preparing for a North Korean Nuclear Missile’, Survival, Vol. 58 Issue 3, June-July 2016

Mi-yeon Hur, The Six-Party Talks on North Korea Dynamic Interactions among Principal States [eBook]

Bruce Bennett, James Dobbins, Jeffrey W. Hornung & Andrew Scobell, ’After the Summit: Prospects for the Korean Peninsula’, Survival, Vol.60, No.4, August-September 2018

Mark Fitzpatrick, ‘Kim Jong-un's Singapore Sting’, Survival, Vol.60, No.4, August-September 2018

Van Jackson, On the Brink : Trump, Kim, and the Threat of Nuclear War [eBook]

Sung-wook Nam, North Korean Nuclear Weapon and Reunification of the Korean Peninsula [eBook]

Edward Ifft, 'Lessons for Negotiating with North Korea', Survival, Vol.62, No.1, February-March 2020

Terence Roehrig, 'North Korea and Reunification: The Limits of Nuclear Coercion', Asian Survey, Vol.60, Issue 5, September/October 2020

Jung H. Pak, 'What Kim Wants: The Hopes and Fears of North Korea's Dictator', Foreign Affairs, Vol.99, Issue 3, May/June 2020

Edward Howell, 'The juche H-bomb? North Korea, nuclear weapons and regime-state survival', International Affairs, Vol.96, Issue 4, July 2020

Ankit Panda, Kim Jong Un and the Bomb [eBook]

Chung Min Lee, The Hermit King: The Dangerous Game of Kim Jong Un [eBook]

Andrei Lankov, 'The Perspective from Pyongyang: Limits of Compromise', Survival, Vol.63, No.6, December 2021-January 2022


Siusheng Zhao, Across the Taiwan Strait: Mainland China, Taiwan, and 1995-1996 crisis [eBook]

Yang Huei Pang, Strait Rituals: China, Taiwan, and the United States in the Taiwan Strait Crises, 1954–1958 [eBook]

Michael O’Hanlon, “Why China Cannot Conquer Taiwan”, International Security, Vol.25, No.2, (Fall 2000)

Andrew Scobell, “Show of Force: Chinese Soldiers, Statesmen, and the 1995-1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis”, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 115, No. 2 (Summer, 2000)

T. J. Christensen, “The Contemporary Security Dilemma: Deterring a Taiwan Conflict”, The Washington Quarterly, 25(4), 2002

Alan D. Romberg, Rein in at the Brink of the Precipice. American Policy Toward Taiwan and U.S.-PRC Relations, The Henry L. Stimson Center (2003),

Nancy Bernkopf Tucker (ed.), Dangerous strait the U.S.--Taiwan--China crisis [eBook]

Nancy Bernkopf Tucker, Strait Talk: United States-Taiwan Relations and the Crisis with China [eBook]

William S.Murray, "Revisiting Taiwan’s Defense Strategy," Naval War College Review: Vol. 61 : No. 3, (Summer 2008)

John J. Mearsheimer, “Say Goodbye to Taiwan”, The National Interest, 25 February, 2014,

J Michael Cole, Convergence or Conflict in the Taiwan Strait. The illusion of peace? [eBook]

Scott L. Kastner, “Is the Taiwan Strait Still a Flash Point? Rethinking the Prospects for Armed Conflict between China and Taiwan”, International Security, Volume 40, Number 3, (Winter 2015/2016)

T. Greer, “Taiwan Can Win a War with China”, Foreign Policy, September 25, 2018,

Brendan Taylor, Dangerous Decade: Taiwan's Security and Crisis Management [eBook]

Benjamin Schreer, Andrew T. H. Tan (eds.), The Taiwan Issue

Problems and Prospects [eBook]

Bruce A. Elleman, Taiwan Straits Standoff : 70 Years of PRC-Taiwan Cross-Strait Tensions [eBook]

Robert D. Blackwill and Philip Zelikow, “The United States, China, and Taiwan: A Strategy to Prevent War”, Council Special Report No. 90 February 2021,

Qiang Xin, “Having much in common? Changes and continuity in Beijing’s Taiwan policy”, The Pacific Review, Vol.34, No.6, 2021

Stephen J. Hartnett, A World of Turmoil: The United States, China, and Taiwan in the Long Cold War [eBook]

Kerry Brown & Kalley Wu Tzu Hui, The Trouble with Taiwan [eBook]

Patrick Porter, Michael Mazarr, “Countering China’s Adventurism Over Taiwan: A Third Way”, Lowy Institute Analyses, 20 May 2021,

Oriana Skylar Mastro, “The Taiwan Temptation: Why Beijing Might Resort to Force”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.100, Issue 4, July/August 2021

Harlan Ullman, Reality Check #10: China will not invade Taiwan, Atlantic Council, February 18, 2022,

Major power competition and the regional security architecture

Major powers

James Miles, ‘Chinese Nationalism, US Policy and Asian Security’, Survival, Vol. 42, No. 4, Winter 2000-01

Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu and Yuan Jing Dong, China and India: Cooperation or Conflict? [DS740.5.I5S52 2003]

Robert G. Sutter, The US and East Asia [DS518.8.S88 2003]

Alastair Ian Johnston, ‘Is China a Status Quo Power?’, International Security, Vol.27, No.4, Spring 2003

Jia Qingguo, ‘Learning to Live with the Hegemon: evolution of China's policy toward the US since the end of the Cold War’, Journal of Contemporary China, Vol.14, No.44, 2005

Sumit Ganguly & Andrew Scobell (eds.), US – Indian Strategic Cooperation [E183.8.I4U7 2006]

Yochiro Sato (ed.), Japan in a Dynamic Asia: Coping with the New Security Challenges [JZ1745.J367 2006]

Russell Ong, China’s Security Interests in the 21st Century [JZ1734.054 2007]

Robert G. Sutter, Chinese Foreign Relations: Power and Policy Since the Cold War [DS779.27.S87 2008]

Hugh White, ‘Why War in Asia Remains Thinkable’, Survival, Vol.50, No.6, December 2008 – January 2009

Richard A. Bitzenberger and Barry Desker, ‘Why East Asian War is Unlikely’, Survival, Vol.50, No.6, December 2008 – January 2009 Survival, Vol.50, No.6, December 2008 – January 2009

Kevin Cooney & Yoichiro Sato (eds.), The Rise of China and International Security [JZ5588.R57 2009]

Rex Li, A Rising China and Security in East Asia [DS518.15.L5 2009]

Evan A. Feigenbaum, “India’s Rise, America’s Interest”, Foreign Affairs, Vo.89, Issue 2, March/April 2010

Evelyn Goh, “How Japan matters in the evolving East Asian security order”, International Affairs 87: 4 (2011)

James Dobbins, ‘War with China’, Survival, Vol.54, No.4, August-September 2012

Lanxin Xiang, ‘China and the ‘Pivot’, Survival, Vol.54, No.5, October-November 2012

Denny Roy, Return of the Dragon: Rising China and Regional Security [DS779.47.R68 2013]

Evan Braden Montgomery, ‘Contested Primacy in the Western Pacific’, International Security, Vol.38, No.4 (Spring 2014)

Jonathan Holsag, China’s Coming War with Asia [DS33.4.C5H65 2014]

Jonathan Holslag, ‘The Smart Revisionist’, Survival, Vol.56, No.5, October-November 2014

Andrew Small, The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics [DS740.5.P18S63 2015]

William T. Tow & Douglas Stuart (eds.), The New US Strategy towards Asia: Adapting to the American Pivot [DS33.4.U6N48 2015]

Mingjiang Li & Kalyan M. Kemburi (eds.), China’s Power and Asian Security [JZ6009.A75C55 2015]

Hugo Meijer (ed.), Origins and Evolution of the US Rebalance Towards Asia [DS518.8.O75 2015]

Robert Ayson & Desmond Ball, ‘Can a Sino-Japanese War Be Controlled?’, Survival, Vol.56, No.6, December 2014 – January 2015

Aaron L. Friedberg, ‘The Debate Over US China Strategy’, Survival, Vol.57, No.3, June-July 2015

Kanti Bajpai et al. (eds.), China-India Relations [DS740.5.I5C48 2016]

Andrew T. H. Tan (ed.), Security and Conflict in East Asia [eBook]

Steve Chan, China’s Troubled Waters [KNQ2390.C43 2016]

David Arase (ed.), China’s Rise and Changing Order in East Asia [eBook]

Harsh V. Pant et al., The US Pivot and Indian Foreign Policy [eBook]

Jan Hornat, “The power triangle in the Indian Ocean: China, India and the United States”, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2016

Harsh V. Pant, “Rising China in India’s vicinity: a rivalry takes shape in Asia”, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2016.

Tim Huxley & Benjamin Schreer, “Standing up to China”, Survival, Volume 57, Number 6, December 2015 – January 2016

Min-hyung Kim, ‘Why provoke? the Sino-US competition in East Asia and North Korea’s strategic choice’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 39:7, 2016

S. Mahmud Ali, US-Chinese Strategic Triangles. Examining Indo-Pacific Insecurity [eBook]

Chris Ogden, China and India: Asia’s Emergent Great Powers [JZ1734.O44 2017]

Robert Ayson & Manjeet S. Pardesi, ‘Asia's Diplomacy of Violence: China–US Coercion and Regional Order’, Survival, Vol.59, No.2, April-May 2017

Enrico Fels, Shifting Power in Asia-Pacific? The Rise of China, Sino-US Competition and Regional Middle Power Allegiance [eBook]

Bhubhindar Singh, Sarah Teo & Benjamin Ho, ‘Rising Sino-Japanese competition: perspectives from South-East Asian elites’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 71:1, 2017

National Security Strategy of the United States of America, December 2017,

David Shambaugh, 'US - China Rivalry in Southeast Asia.: Power Shift or Competitive Coexistence', International Security, Vol. 42, No. 4 (Spring 2018)

Aaron L. Friedberg, ‘Competing with China’, Survival, Vol.60, No.3, June-July 2018

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard (ed.), China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative and South Asia [eBook]

Malcolm Cook & Ian Storey, 'Images Reinforced: COVID-19, US-China Rivalry and Southeast Asia, ISEAS Perspective, 2020, No.34,

Joe Thomas Karackattu, 'The Corrosive Compromise of the Sino-Indian Border Management Framework: From Doklam to Galwan', Asian Affairs, Vol.51, Issue 3, 2020

Elbridge A. Colby & A. Wess Mitchell, 'The Age of Great Power Competition: How the Trump Administration Refashioned American Strategy', Foreign Affairs, Vol.99, Issue 1, January/February 2020

Aaron L. Freidberg, 'An Answer to Aggression: How to Push Back against Beijing', Foreign Affairs, Vol.99, Issue 5, September/October 2020

Julian Gewirtz, 'China Thinks America Is Losing: Washington Must Show Beijing It's Wrong', Foreign Affairs, Vol.99, Issue 6, November/December 2020

Donald Emerson (ed.), The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century [DS525.9.C5 D33 2020]

Sebastian Strangio, In the Dragon’s Shadow: Southeast Asia in the Chinese Century [eBook]

David Shambaugh, Where Great Powers Meet: America & China in Southeast Asia [eBook]

Feng Zhang & Richard Ned Lebow, Taming Sino-American Rivalry [eBook]

David C. Gompert, 'Four Circles: Comprehending the China Challenge', Survival, Vol.64. No.2, April-May 2022

On Order Rory Medcalf, Indo-Pacific Empire: China, America and the Contest for the World's Pivotal Region [eBook]

Regional security architecture

Alan Dupont, 'Is There An 'Asian Way'?', Survival, Vol.38, No.2, Summer 1996

Michael Leifer, 'The ASEAN Regional Forum', Adelphi Paper, 302, 1996

Michael Leifer, ‘The ASEAN peace process: a category mistake’, The Pacific Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999

Muthiah Alagappa (ed.), Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features [UA830.A82 2003]

John Garofano, ‘Power, Institutions, and the ASEAN Regional Forum’, Asian Survey, Vol.42, No.3, May/June 2002

Ron Huisken, ‘Civilizing the Anarchical Society: Multilateral Security Processes in the Asia-Pacific’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.24, No.2, August 2004

Dominik Heller, ‘The Relevance of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) for Regional Security in the Asia-Pacific’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.27, No.1, April 2005

Mely Caballero-Anthony, Regional Security in Southeast Asia: Beyond the ASEAN Way [DS526.7.A58 2005]

David Martin Jones & M.L.R. Smith, ASEAN and East Asian International Relations: Regional Delusion [DS525.9.E18J66 2006]

David Martin Jones & Michael L.R. Smith, ‘Making Process, Not Progress. ASEAN and the Evolving East Asian Regional Order’, International Security, Vol.32, No.1, Summer 2007

William T. Tow, ‘Asia’s Competitive “Strategic Geometries”: The Australian Perspective’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 30, No.1, April 2008

Sheldon Simon, ‘ASEAN and Multilateralism: The Long, Bumpy Road to Community’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 30, No. 2, August 2008

Jurgen Haacke & Noel M. Morada (eds.), Cooperative Security in the Asia-Pacific [JZ6009.A75C66 2010]

Rodolfo C. Severino, The ASEAN Regional Forum [UA830.S46 2009]

William Tow & Brendan Taylor (eds.), Bilateralism, Multilateralism and Asia-Pacific Security [JZ6009.A75B55 2013]

Mark G. Rolls, Still Fit For Purpose? The ASEAN-led Regional Security Architecture,

William Tow, “Bipolarity and The Future of the Security Order in East Asia”, Trends in Southeast Asia, no.10, 2016,

'Roundtable: ASEAN at Fifty and Beyond', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.39, No.2, August 2017

Shaun Narine, The New ASEAN in Asia Pacific and Beyond [eBook]

Edit Recommended Readings Content

Online Support

Edit Online Support Content

The teaching of this paper is supported online using Moodle. This will normally be available from the beginning of teaching. To access Moodle you will need to log onto iWaikato and follow the links.

Moodle will be used for the provision of the following: Panopto recordings for each topic (including Powerpoint slides); links for weekly videos; links to news items and commentaries about pertinent contemporary events and developments; and information relating to any lecture changes and associated administrative matters.

Edit Online Support Content


Edit Workload Content
In addition to watching lectures, students will be expected to view videos weekly. The expected workload for the paper is approximately 14 hours per week
Edit Workload Content

Linkages to Other Papers

Edit Linkages Content





Restricted papers: POLS315

Edit Linkages Content