IRSST502-21B (HAM)

Security Issues in South East Asia

30 Points

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Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Social Sciences
Political Science and Public Policy

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: melanie.chivers@waikato.ac.nz

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Paper Description

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South East Asia today is one of the most important regions of the world in terms of security. Not only is it the site of major power competition, it is the possible crucible of major power conflict. Partly as a consequence of this competition, along with myriad domestic and regional security concerns, it is a region which is witnessing increased defence expenditure and significant arms acquisitions. This paper considers how 'security' is conceptualised in South East Asia; why ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) was established and how it seeks to promote stability and security for both its members and the wider region; and examines the most pressing contemporary security issues the region faces. Through the way in which the paper is delivered, and the forms the assessment takes, the paper also aims to provide skills and insights which will be valuable to those going on to pursue careers in diplomacy and foreign affairs, defence and security, and in regional and international organisations.

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Paper Structure

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This paper is taught through seminar presentations and student-led discussions
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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • acquire an understanding of the concept of security and a broad knowledge base of contemporary security issues in South East Asia
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • demonstrate their ability to think critically about the issues raised, have improved their analytical skills, and demonstrated an ability to lead and summarise discussions
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • acquire an insight into the type of work required of policy analysts in the public sector
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  • present information and analysis in both oral and written form
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Assessment

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The course will be based on seminars. Each student will do two seminar presentations based on two of the Part II topics listed. How you choose to provide an appreciation of the topic and the examples that you wish to employ is entirely up to you. Your ability to define appropriate parameters and to provide a comprehensive understanding of the topic will form the principal basis of the seminar presentations' assessment. Presentational skills are relevant, but less crucial. A synopsis of the presentation must be provided for each member of the group on the day of presentation. Each student will also lead a group discussion on a different topic and provide me with a summary of the main points one week after the relevant discussion session.

The final piece of assessment requires you to prepare a 2,000 word position paper based on the following guidelines. Imagine you are a policy analyst in one of the following five states – Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand or Vietnam. Write a paper on one of the Part II contemporary security issues outlining how this issue affects your state and the security policy options that are available for responding to it. (The topic chosen must be different from that which you covered for either a seminar presentation or a discussion summary)

The position paper is due on 15 October 2021.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Seminar Presentation 1
30
2. Seminar Presentation 2
30
3. Discussion Summary
15
4. Position Paper
25
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Recommended Readings

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The following list, although fairly comprehensive, is not an exhaustive one and thus you are encouraged to seek out other salient publications for yourselves.

Given the very contemporary nature of the course you are advised to keep appraised of the latest developments through frequent reference to journals/newspapers/websites such as: Contemporary Southeast Asia; Asia- Pacific Defence Reporter; Jane's Defence Weekly; The New Asia Observer (http://www.asiaobserver.org/) and Channel News Asia (www.channelnewsasia.com).

Those books marked * are on order (and thus may not be available yet).

Overview of Security

Mohammed Ayoob And Chai-anan Samudavanija (eds.), Leadership Perceptions and National Security. The Southeast Asian Experience [UA830. L38]

Barry Buzan, People, States and Fear [UA10.5.B89 1991]

Mohammed Ayoob, The Third World Security Predicament [JX1979. A96 1995]

K.J. Holsti, The State, War and the State of War [U21.2.H6272 1996]

Muthiah Alagappa (ed.), Asian Security Practice: Material and Ideational Influences [UA830.A835 1998]

Ken Booth and Russell Trood, Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific Region [UA830.S76 1999]

Barry Buzan and Gerald Segal, 'Rethinking East Asian Security', Survival, Vol.36, No.2, Summer 1994

Tim Huxley, 'Southeast Asia in the study of international relations: the rise and decline of a region', The Pacific Review, Vol. 9 No. 2, 1996

Emanuel Adler and M. Barnett (eds.), Security Communities [JZ1305.S43 1998]

Derek da Cunha (ed.), Southeast Asian Perspectives on Security [UA830.S69 2000]

David W. Lovell (ed.), Asia-Pacific Security: Policy Challenges [UA830.A79 2003]

Marika Vicziany et. al., Regional Security in the Asia-Pacific. 9/11 and After [JZ1980.R44 2004]

Alan Collins, Security and Southeast Asia: Domestic, Regional and Global Issues [UA832.8.C64 2003]

Barry Buzan, ‘Security architecture in Asia: the interplay of regional and global levels’, The Pacific Review, Vol.16, No.2, 2003

Ralf Emmers, ‘ASEAN and the securitization of transnational crime in Southeast Asia’, The Pacific Review, Vol.16, No.3, 2003

Pierre P. Lizee, ‘Human Security in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.24, No.3, December 2002

See Seng Tan, ‘Rescuing constructivism from the constructivists: a critical reading of constructivist interventions in Southeast Asian security’, The Pacific Review, Vol.19, No.2, June 2006

Andrew T. H. Tan, Security Perspectives of the Malay Archipelago [HV6431.T385 http://www.asiaobserver.org/2004]

Stephen Hoadley & Jurgen Ruland (eds.), Asian Security Reassessed [UA830.A843 2006]

Melissa Curley & Siu-lun Wong, Security and Migration in Asia [JV8490.S43 2008]

David Capie & Paul Evans, The Asia-Pacific Security Lexicon [UA830.C37 2007]

Yukiko Nishikawa, Human Security in Southeast Asia [UA832.8.N57 2010]

Mely Caballero-Anthony & Alistair D. B. Cook (eds.), Non-Traditional Security in Asia [eBook]

Mark Beeson, 'Alternative realities: Explaining security in the Asia-Pacific', Review of International Studies, Vol.43, part 3, 2017

Overview of South-East Asia

Nicholas Tarling, Nations and States in Southeast Asia [DS526.7.T36 1998]

Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of South-East Asia (2 Vols) [DS525.C35 1992]

David Steinberg et. al., In Search of South-East Asia: A Modern History (Revised Edition) [DS511.15 1987]

D.R. SarDesai, Southeast Asia: Past & Present (Third Edition) [DS525.526 1994]

Tim Huxley and M.Halib (eds.), An Introduction to Southeast Asian Studies [DS524.7.1574 1996]

Clive J. Christie, A Modern History of Southeast Asia: Decolonization, Nationalism and Separatism [DS526.7.C475 1996]

Michael Yahuda, The International Politics of the Asian-Pacific, 1945-1995 [DS518.1.Y35 1996]

O. W. Wolters, History, Culture and Region in Southeast Asian Perspectives (Revised edition) [DS525.W65 1999]

John Funston (ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia [JQ96.A2G68 2001]

Damien Kingsbury, South-East Asia: A Political Profile [JQ750.A58K56 2001]

Amitav Acharya, The Quest for Identity: International Relations of Southeast Asia [electronic access]

Mark Beeson (ed.), Contemporary Southeast Asia [DS526.7.C66 2004]

Linda Quayle, Southeast Asia and the English School of International Relations [DS525.8.Q39 2013]

Joseph Liow & Michael Leifer, Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia (Fourth Edition) [eBook]


Overview of ASEAN’s Origins and Nature

Alison Broinowski (ed.), Asean into the 1990s [HC441. A85 1990]

Michael Antolik, ASEAN and the Diplomacy of Accomodation [DS526.7A59 1990]

Michael Leifer, ASEAN and the Security of South-East Asia [UA830. L45 1989]

Robert O. Tilman, Southeast Asia and the Enemy Beyond: ASEAN Perceptions of External Threat [DS526.7T36 1987]

Mark G. Rolls, 'ASEAN: Where from or Where to?’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 13, No. 3, December 1991

K.S. Sandhu et. al. (comps), The ASEAN Reader [JX1979. A834 1992]

Nikolas Busne, ‘Constructivism and southeast Asian Security’, The Pacific Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999

Bernard K. Gordon, The Dimensions of Conflict in Southeast Asia [DS518.1.G66]

Philip Charrier, ‘ASEAN’s inheritance: the regionalization of Southeast Asia, 1941-61’, The Pacific Review, Vol.14, No.3, 2001

Amitav Acharya, Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia [DS526.7.A26 2001]

Sheldon Simon, The ASEAN States and Regional Security [UA833.5.555 1982]

Collins, Security and Southeast Asia

Alan Collins, The Security Dilemmas of Southeast Asia [UA830.C65 2000]

N. Ganesan, ‘ASEAN’s Relations with Major External Powers’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.22, No.2, August 2000

Jurgen Haacke, ASEAN’s Diplomatic and Security Culture [UA833.5.H33 2003]

Shaun Narine, Explaining ASEAN: Regionalism in Southeast Asia [DS520.A873N37 2002]

Helen E. S. Nesadurai, ‘ASEAN and regional governance after the Cold War: from regional order to regional community?’, The Pacific Review, Vol.22 No.1 March 2009

Kishore Mahbubhani & Jeffey Sng, The ASEAN Miracle: A Catalyst for Peace [JZ5333.5.A84M34 2017]

Taku Yukawa, 'The ASEAN Way as a symbol: an analysis of discourses on the ASEAN Norms', The Pacific Review, Vol.31, No.3, 2018

Ralf Emmers, 'Unpacking ASEAN Neutrality: The Quest for Autonomy and Impartiality in Southeast Asia', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.40, No.3, December 2018

Marty Natalegawa, Does ASEAN Matter? A View from Within

Donald E. Weatherbee, ASEAN’s Half Century: A Political History of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [eBook]

Ethnic Conflict

David Brown, The State and Ethnic Politics in Southeast Asia [DS526.7.B76 1994]

R.J. May, 'The Religious Factor in Three Minority Movements: The Moro of the Philippines, the Malays of Thailand and Indonesian West Papuans', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 13, No. 4, March 1992

Mark Turner, 'Terrorism and Secession in the Southern Philippines: The Rise of the Abu Sayaff', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 17, No. 1, June 1995

James B. Goodno, The Philippines: Land of Broken Promises [DS686.614.G66 1991]

Michael E. Brown and Sunit Ganguly, Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and the Pacific [DS13.G68 1997]

Mark G. Rolls, ‘Indonesia’s East Timor Experience’, in Rajat Ganguly and Ian Macduff (eds.), Ethnic Conflict and Secessionism in South and Southeast Asia [DS341.E85 2003]

Collins, The Security Dilemmas of Southeast Asia

Audrey Kahin, Rebellion to Integration: West Sumatra and the Indonesian Polity, 1926-1998 [DS646.15.S76K34 1999]

Keith Suter, East Timor, West Papua/Irian and Indonesia [DU744.5.S942 1997]

R. J. May, Between Two Nations. The Indonesia-PNG Border and West Papua Nationalism [DU744.5.B48 1986]

Michael Leifer (ed.), Asian Nationalism [DS35.A815 2000]

Geoff Simons, Indonesia: The Long Oppression [JC599.I43S56 2000]

Timo Kivimaki and Ruben Thorning, ‘Democratization and Regional Power Sharing in Papua/Irian Jaya’, Asian Survey, Vol.42, No.4, July/August 2002

David Brown, ‘Why might constructed nationalist and ethnic ideologies come into confrontation with each other?’, The Pacific Review, Vol.15, No.4, 2002

Alan Dupont, East Asia Imperilled [GE160.E18D86 2001]

F. Colombijn and J. Thomas Lindblad (eds.), Roots of Violence in Indonesia [HN710.Z9V5R66 2002]

Annelies Heijmans et. al. (eds.), Searching for Peace in AsiaPacific: An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities [DS35.2.S43 2004]

Collins, Security and Southeast Asia

Maribeth Erb et al. (eds.), Regionalism in Post-Suharto Indonesia [JQ769.5.D42R44 2005]

Matt Davies, Indonesia’s War Over Aceh [DS646.15.A8D39 2006]

Michael Vatikiotis, ‘Resolving Internal Conflicts in Southeast Asia: Domestic Challenges and Regional Perspectives’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.28, No.1, April 2006

John Funston, Southern Thailand. The Dynamics of Conflict [DS588.S68F87 2008]

Marc Askew, “Fighting with Ghosts: Querying Thailand’s “Southern Fire””, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.32, No.2, August 2010

Srisompob Jitpiromsri & Duncan McCargo, “The Southern Thai Conflict Six Years On: Insurgency, Not Just Crime”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.32, No.2, August 2010

Duncan McCargo, Mapping National Anxieties. Thailand’s Southern Conflict [DS588.S68M336 2012]

Christopher R. Duncan, Violence and Vengeance: Religious Conflict and Its Aftermath in Eastern Indonesia [eBook]

Adam Burke, “New Political Space, Old Tensions: History, Identity and Violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 38, Number 2, August 2016

Michael Vatikiotis, Blood and Silk: Power and Conflict in Modern Southeast Asia [DS526.7.V356 2017]

Zachary Abuza, Forging Peace in Southeast Asia: Insurgencies, Peace Processes, and Reconciliation [eBook]

Kentaro Fujikawa, 'Drifting between accommodation and repression: explaining Indonesia's policies towards its separatists', The Pacific Review, Vol.30, No.5, 2017

Hipolitus Ringgi Wangge & Camellia Webb-Gannon, 'Civilian Resistance and the Failure of the Indonesian Counterinsurgency Campaign in Nduga, West Papua', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 42, Number 2, August 2020

Militant Islam

Robert W. Hefner and Patricia Horvatich (eds.), Islam in an Era of Nation-States: Politics and Religious Renewal in Muslim Southeast Asia [BP173.7.I84 1997]

Michael Davis , ‘Laskar Jihad and the Political Position of Conservative Islam in Indonesia’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.24, No.1, April 2002

Zachary Abuza, Militant Islam in Southeast Asia [HV6433.A785A28 2003]

Angel M. Rabasa, ‘Political Islam in Southeast Asia: Moderates, Radicals and Terrorists’, Adelphi Paper, 358, 2003

David Wright-Neville, ‘Dangerous dynamics: activists, militants and terrorists in Southeast Asia’, The Pacific Review, Vol.17, No.1, March 2004

Anies Rasjid Baswedan, ‘Political Islam in Indonesia: Present and Future Trajectory’, Asian Survey, Vol.44, No.5, September/October 2004

Surzjaina Kadir, ‘Mapping Muslim politics in Southeast Asia after September 11’, The Pacific Review, Vol.17, No.2, 2004

Zachary Abuza, ‘Tentacles of Terror: Al Qaeda’s Southeast Asian Network’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.24, No.3, December 2002

Farish A. Noor, ‘Blood, Sweat and Jihad: The Radicalization of the Political Discourse of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1982 Onwards’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.25, No.2, August 2003

Barry Desker, ‘The Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) Phenomenon in Singapore’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.25, No.3, December 2003

Natasha Hamilton-Hart, ‘Terrorism in Southeast Asia: expert analysis, myopia, and fantasy’, The Pacific Review, Vol.18, No.3, September 2005

Kumar Ramakrishna, ‘Deligitimizing Global Jihadi Ideology in Southeast Asia’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.27, No.3, December 2005

K. S. Nathan & Md. Hashim Kamali, Islam in Southeast Asia [BP63.A38C66 2005]

Zachary Abuza, Political Islam and Violence in Indonesia [DS644.5.A275 2007]

Linell E. Cady, Religion and Conflict in South and Southeast Asia [HN670.3.Z9R45 2007]

John Sidel, ‘The Islamist Threat in South East Asia: Much Ado About Nothing?’, Asian Affairs, Vol. XXXIX, No. III, November 2008

John T. Sidel, Riots, Pogroms, Jihad: Religious Violence in Indonesia [BL2112.S56 2006]

John T. Sidel, The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia [BP63.A38S53 2007]

Daljit Singh (ed.), Terrorism in South and Southeast Asia in the Coming Decade [HV6433.S64C73 2009]

Solahudin, translated by Dave McRae, The Roots of Terrorism in Indonesia: From Darul Islam to Jema’ah Islamiyah [BP182.S63 2013]

Joseph Camilleri & Sven Schottmann (eds.), Culture, Religion and Conflict in Muslim Southeast Asia [BP63.A38C85 2013]

Sumanto Al Qurtuby, Religious Violence and Conciliation in Indonesia [eBook]

Joseph Chinyong Liow, Religion and Nationalism in Southeast Asia [eBook]

Kumar Ramakrishna, “Reflections of a Reformed Jihadist”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 38, Number 3, December 2016

Vatikiotis, Blood and Silk

Daniel Finnbogason & Isak Svensson, 'The missing jihad. Why have there been no jihadist civil wars in Southeast Asia?', The Pacific Review, Vol.31, No.1, 2018

"Special Issue. Militant Islam in Southeast Asia: New Insights into Jihad in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines", Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.41, No.1, April 2019

Maritime Security

Ian James Storey, ‘Creeping Assertiveness: China, the Philippines and the South China Sea Dispute’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.21, No.1, April 1999

Liselotte Odgaard, Maritime Security between China and Southeast Asia [UA853.S68O34 2002]

Michael Richardson, A Time Bomb For Global Trade [HV6431.R52 2004]

Adam J. Young and Mark J. Valencia, ‘Conflation of Piracy and Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Rectitude and Utility’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.25, No.2, August 2003

Leszek Buszynski, ‘ASEAN, the Declaration on Conduct, and the South China Sea’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.25, No.3, December 2003

Mark J. Valencia, ‘The Proliferation Security Initiative: Making Waves in Asia’, Adelphi Paper, 376, October 2005

Derek Johnson & Mark Valencia (eds.), Piracy in Southeast Asia [DS526.7.P57 2005]

Joshua H. Ho, ‘The Security of SeaLanes in Southeast Asia’, Asian Survey, Vol.XLVI, No.4, July/August 2006

National Geographic, Vol.212, No.4, October 2007

John F. Bradford, ‘Shifting the Tides against Piracy in Southeast Asian Waters’, Asian Survey, Vol. XLVIII, No.3, May/June 2008

Shicun Wu & Keyuan Zou (eds.), Maritime Security in the South China Sea [VS113.S66W8 2009]

Nazery Khalid, “With a Little Help from My Friends: Maritime Capacity-building Measures in the Straits of Malacca”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.31, No.3, December 2009

David Scott, “Conflict Irresolution in the South China Sea”, Asian Survey, Vol.52, No.6, November/December 2012

John Kleinen & Manon Ossweijer (eds.), Pirates, Ports and Coasts in Asia [DS526.7.P59 2010]

Nien-Tsu Alfred Hu & Ted L. McDorman (eds.), Maritime Issues in the South China Sea [KZA1146.C6M37 2013]

Maritime Awareness Project, http://maritimeawarenessproject.org/ [This includes a very useful interactive map of the South China Sea]

Ashley Townshend & Professor Rory Medcalf, Shifting Waters: China’s New Passive Assertiveness in Asian Maritime Security, 29 April 2016, https://www.lowyinstitute.org/publications/shifting-waters-china-s-new-passive-assertiveness-asian-maritime-security

Shicun Wu & Keyuan Zou (eds.), Non-Traditional Security Issues and the South China Sea [eBook]

Yann-huei Song & Keyuan Zou (eds.), Major Law and Policy Issues in the South China Sea [eBook]

Jing Huang & Andrew Billo, Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea [KZA1692.T47 2015]

Terence Lee & Kevin McGahan, ‘Norm subsidiarity and institutional cooperation: explaining the straits of Malacca anti-piracy regime’, The Pacific Review, Vol.28, No.4, 2015

Special issue on ‘China’s Maritime Embroilments’, Asian Survey, Vol.55, No.3 (May/June 2015)

Bill Hayton, The South China Sea: The Struggle for Power in Asia [DS525.8.H39 2014]

J. Bekkevold et al., International Order at Sea [eBook]

Do Thanh Hai, Vietnam and the South China Sea [eBook]

Carolin Liss & Ted Biggs (eds.), Piracy in Southeast Asia [eBook]

C. J. Jenner & Tran Truong Thuy (eds.), The South China Sea. A Crucible of Regional Cooperation or Conflict-making Sovereignty Claims? [eBook]

Zhou Fangyin, “Between Assertiveness and self-restraint: understanding China’s South China Sea policy”, International Affairs, 92: 4 2016

“Roundtable: The Arbitral Tribunal’s Ruling on the South China Sea: The Scope and Implications of the Arbitral Tribunal’s Award”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 38, Number 3, December 2016

Yang Razali Kassim, The South China Sea Disputes. Flashpoints, Turning points and Trajectories [eBook]

Nicholas Tarling & Xin Chen (eds.), Maritime Security in East and Southeast Asia [eBook]

Barthelemy Courmont (ed.), Assessing Maritime Disputes in East Asia [eBook]

Robert C. McCabe, Modern Maritime Piracy. Genesis, Evolution and Responses [eBook]

Senia Febrica, Maritime Security and Indonesia [eBook]

Hongzhou Zhang & Sam Bateman, 'Fishing Militia, the Securitization of Fishery and the South China Sea Dispute', Contemporary Southeast Asia, Volume 39, Number 2, August 2017

Ian Storey, 'Assessing the ASEAN-China Framework for the Code of Conduct for the South China Sea', ISEAS Perspective, 2017, No. 62, https://www.iseas.edu.sg/images/pdf/ISEAS_Perspective_2017_62.pdf

Martin Purbrick, 'Pirates of the South China Seas', Asian Affairs, Vol. XLIX, no. I, 2018

Bill Hayton, 'The Modern Creation of China's 'Historic Rights' Claim in the South China Sea', Asian Affairs, Vol. XLIX, no. III, 2018

Nehginpao Kipgen, 'ASEAN and China in the South China Sea Disputes', Asian Affairs, Vol. XLIX, no. III, 2018

Hoang Thi Ha, "From Declaration to Code: Continuity and Change in China's Engagement with ASEAN on the South China Sea", ISEAS Trends in Southeast Asia 2019, no.5, https://www.iseas.edu.sg/images/pdf/TRS5_19.pdf

Douglas Guilfoyle, 'The rule of law and maritime security: understanding lawfare in the South China Sea', International Affairs, 95: 5, 2019

Tran Truong Thuy et al., Building a Normative Order in the South China Sea [eBook]

Donald R. Rothwell & David Letts (eds.), Law of the Sea in South East Asia [eBook]

Sam Bateman, Freedoms of Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region [eBook]

Ian Storey, 'The South China Sea Dispute in 2020-2021', ISEAS Perspective, 2020, No.97, https://www.iseas.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/ISEAS_Perspective_2020_97.pdf

Anisa Heritage & Pak K. Lee, 'The Sino-American confrontation in the South China Sea: insights from an international order perspective', Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol.33, Issue 1, 2020

Jiye Kim & Daniel Druckman, 'Shelved sovereignty or invalid sovereignty? The South China Sea negotiations, 1992-2016', The Pacific Review, Vol.33, Issue 1, 2020

Feng Zhang, 'China's long march at sea: explaining China's South China Sea Strategy, 2009-2016', The Pacific Review, Vol.33, Issue 5, 2020

Environmental Security

Alan Dupont, ‘The Environment and Security in Pacific Asia’, Adelphi Paper, 319, 1998

Joey Long, ‘Desecuritizing the Water Issue in Singapore-Malaysia Relations’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.23, No.3, December 2001

Karin Dokken, ‘Environment, Security and Regionalism in the Asia-Pacific: Is Environmental Security A Useful Concept?’, The Pacific Review, Vol.14, No.4, 2001

Kog Yue Choong, ‘Natural Resource Management and Environmental Security in Southeast Asia: Case Study of Clean Water Supplies in Singapore’, https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/27502/WP15.pdf

Junko Mochizuki & Zhong Xiang Zhang, ‘Environmental Security and Its Implications for China’s Foreign Relations’,http://www.eastwestcenter.org/sites/default/files/private/econwp116.pdf

Simon Tay, ‘Fires and haze in Southeast Asia’, http://www.jcie.org/researchpdfs/CrossSectoral/cross_tay.pdf

Parudee Nguitragool, “Negotiating the Haze Treaty”, Asian Survey, Vol.51, No.2, March/April 2011

Monika Barthwal-Datta, “Food Security in Asia: Challenges, Policies and Implications”, Adelphi, 441-442, 2014

Bruce Lankford et al. (eds.), Water Security [eBook]

Lee Poh Onn (ed.), Water Issues in Southeast Asia [eBook]

Peter Hough, Environmental Security: An Introduction [GE170 .H78 2014]

Brahma Chellaney, ‘Water, Power, and Competition in Asia’, Asian Survey, Vol.54, No.4, July/August 2014

Amy L. Freedman & Ann Marie Murphy, Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Southeast Asia: The Transnational Dimension [eBook]

Euston Quah (ed.), Pollution Across Borders. Transboundary Fire, Smoke and Haze in Southeast Asia [eBook]

Hongzhou Zhang & Mingjiang Li (eds.), China and Transboundary Water Politics in Asia [eBook]

Sebastian Biba, China's Hydro-politics in the Mekong [eBook]

Shebonti Ray Dadwal & Uttam Kumar Sinha (eds.), Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Asia: Approaches and Responses [eBook]

Regional Security Co-operation

Mark G. Rolls, 'Security Co-operation in Southeast Asia: An Evolving Process', in Colin McInnes and Mark G. Rolls (eds.), Post-Cold War Security Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region [UA830.P67 1994]

Hadi Soesastro et. al. (eds.), The Role of Security and Economic Co-operation Structures in the Asia-Pacific Region [UA830.R78 1996]

Emanuel Adler and M. Barnett, (eds.), Security Communities [JZ1305.S43 1998]

Alan Dupont, 'Is There An 'Asian Way'?', Survival, Vol.38, No.2, Summer 1996

Michael Leifer, 'The ASEAN Regional Forum', Adelphi Paper, 302, 1996

Michael Leifer, ‘The ASEAN peace process: a category mistake’, The Pacific Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999

Koro Bessho, ‘Identities and Security in East Asia’, Adelphi Paper, 328, 1999

Amitav Acharya, Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia

Ralf Emmers, Cooperative Security and the Balance of Power in ASEAN and the ARF [DS520.E46 2003]

Muthiah Alagappa (ed.), Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features [UA830.A82 2003]

John Garofano, ‘Power, Institutions, and the ASEAN Regional Forum’, Asian Survey, Vol.42, No.3, May/June 2002

Sheldon W. Simon, ‘Evaluating Track II approaches to security diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific: the CSCAP experience’, The Pacific Review, Vol.15, No.2, 2002

Ron Huisken, ‘Civilizing the Anarchical Society: Multilateral Security Processes in the Asia-Pacific’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.24, No.2, August 2004

Anthony L. Smith, ‘ASEAN’s Ninth Summit: Solidifying Regional Cohesion, Advancing External Linkages’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.26, No.3, December 2004

Dominik Heller, ‘The Relevance of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) for Regional Security in the Asia-Pacific’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol.27, No.1, April 2005

Mely Caballero-Anthony, Regional Security in Southeast Asia: Beyond the ASEAN Way [DS526.7.A58 2005]

Rodolfo Severino, Southeast Asia in Search of an ASEAN Community [DS521.S383 2006]

David Martin Jones & M.L.R. Smith, ASEAN and East Asian International Relations: Regional Delusion [DS525.9.E18J66 2006]

Takeshi Yuzawa, ‘The Evolution of Preventive Diplomacy’, Asian Survey, Vol.XLVI, No.5, September/October 2006

David Martin Jones & Michael L.R. Smith, ‘Making Process, Not Progress. ASEAN and the Evolving East Asian Regional Order’, International Security, Vol.32, No.1, Summer 2007

William T. Tow, ‘Asia’s Competitive “Strategic Geometries”: The Australian Perspective’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 30, No.1, April 2008

Sheldon Simon, ‘ASEAN and Multilateralism: The Long, Bumpy Road to Community’, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 30, No. 2, August 2008

Jurgen Haacke & Noel M. Morada (eds.), Cooperative Security in the Asia-Pacific [JZ6009.A75C66 2010]

Rodolfo C. Severino, The ASEAN Regional Forum [UA830.S46 2009]

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