Special Topic: Issues in Comparative Criminal Law and Justice
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Much has been written about the “global” nature of crime – human rights violations, the drug trade, and human trafficking, among others. But international crime must also be understood at the national and local level, where legal institutions and systems are created to respond to crime, and where their operation may lead to varying legal norms. This course will provide a comparative analysis of how crime is understood worldwide and will review how varying criminal justice systems respond to both local and international crime. Special attention will be paid to those national systems that mirror that of New Zealand while offering useful examples of approaches and norms that are different.
This course examines the different ways that crime is understood and then addressed in diverse regions and across various levels of government.As such, we will examine definitions of criminality, comparing interpretations at the international, regional, national, and even local level. We will explore varying philosophies and approaches to criminal enforcement and the differing institutions that provide enforcement. Along the way, we will examine specific types of crime. Among the topics to be covered are:
- Definitions of crime and criminality;
- International law and international human rights;
- “Western” approaches vs. other models;
- The influence and role of indigenous norms and practices;
- International, national, and local institutions of law enforcement and prosecution
- Varying mechanisms for settling criminal matters
- Transnational crime
- Specific, contentious issues between and among nations, including: terrorism, digital crime; genocide; and capital punishment
Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:
Students who successfully complete this course will be able to describe and discuss different definitions of crime across global, regional, national, and local boundaries and appreciate the reasons for common typographies. They will be able to do the same when considering philosophies and approaches to criminal enforcement and to the institutions responsible for enforcement. They will be able to assess influential criminal justice trends between and across countries, and they will gain an understanding of some of the most controversial issues that divide nations.Linked to the following assessments:
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.
The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.
Error: Assessment components must add up to 100%
At least one Assessment Component needs to be entered
|Component Description||Due Date||Time||Percentage of overall mark||Submission Method||Compulsory|
|1. Assignment 1: Take Home Test||
13 Dec 2019
|2. Assignment 2: In Class Test||
17 Dec 2019
No set time
|3. Research Essay||
23 Jan 2020
|4. Class participation||
Required and Recommended Readings*
Cyndi Banks and James Baker, Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives
from Criminology and Criminal Justice (Sage, 2016).
Marks D. Dubber and Tatjana Hornle, eds. Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law (2014)
Jiahong Lius, Max Travers and LennonY.C. Chang, editors, Comparative Criminology in Asia
Shadid M. Shahidullah, Comparative Criminal Justice Systems: Global and Local Perspectives
(Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2014)
Richard Vogler, A World View of Criminal Justice (Ashgate Publishing, 2005)
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The course will be taught over six days across two weeks. By necessity, the work will be concentrated. Classes will be interactive, with students encouraged to try out ideas they are considering. It will, however, be necessary for students to do the pre-reading for the course so that they get the most out of the materials under discussion.