MAORI202-21A (HAM)

Ngā Iho Matua: Māori Philosophy

15 Points

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Paper Description

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This paper examines the philosophical underpinnings of seminal tikanga Māori concepts and their influence in Māori Culture historically, contemporaneously, projecting into possible futures.
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Paper Structure

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The paper will be delivered:

  1. through a series of lectures introducing key themes in the study of Māori philosophy and associated customary practice.
  2. with appropriate readings. You should have read the course readings before each lecture as appropriate.
  3. utilising a number of group discussions. You will contribute and interact in those conversations.
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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Critically analyse traditional Māori philosophy and its influence on traditional Māori cultural practice
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Debate, argue, and discuss the purposes of Māori philosophy, its establishment and evolution
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  • Develop an understanding of present Māori philosophy and its applications
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  • Analyse and critique changes in Māori philosophy their impacts
    Linked to the following assessments:
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Course work/Final examination Ratio 1:0

Course Work 100%.

There is no final external examination or test.

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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Set Philosophy
9 Apr 2021
4:30 PM
  • Email: Lecturer
2. In Class Discussion
4 Jun 2021
4:30 PM
  • In Class: In Lecture
3. New Philosophy
11 May 2021
11:00 AM
  • Presentation: In Class
4. Written Assignment
4 Jun 2021
4:30 PM
  • Email: Lecturer
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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Tikanga Māori

Living by Māori Values

Hirini Moko Mead

Huia Publishers, Wellington, NZ.

(Also available as e - book on Huia Publisher's website)

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Recommended Readings

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Best, E. (1922). The Astronomical Knowledge of the Māori. Wellington, New Zealand: Government Printers.

Best, E. (1956). The Māori School of Learning: Its Objects, Methods and Ceremonial.Wellington, New Zealand: Government Printers.

Binney, J. (2009). Encircled Lands: Te Urewera, 1820 – 1921. Wellington, New Zealand: Bridget Williams Books.

Binney, J., & Chaplin, G. (1986). Ngā Mōrehu: The survivors. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Chambers, I. (1994). Migrancy, Cultures Identity. London, England: Routledge.

Edwards, S. (1999). Hokia ki ngā maunga kia purea koe e ngā hau o Tawhirimatea. Māori cultural identity reclamation: Empowerment through identity. Unpublished Masters thesis, Department of Education. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University.

Karetu, T. (1990). The clue to identity. National Geographic, 5 (Jan) 112-117.

King M. (ed.) (republished) (1992). Te Ao hurihuri. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed Publishers.

King M. (1984). Te Puea Herangi - from darkness to light. Wellington, N.Z.: School Publications Branch, Department of Education.

Kukutai, T. (2011). Contemporary Issues in Māori Demography, in Tracy Mclntosh and Malcom Mulholland (eds.), Māori and Social Issues.

Kukutai, T. (2003). The Dynamics of ethnicity reporting: Māori in New Zealand. A discussion paper prepared for Te Puni Kōkiri. Wellington, New Zealand: Te Puni Kōkiri.

Kukutai, T. (2001). Māori Identity and Politcial Arithmetic: The Dynamics of Reporting Ethnicity. Waikato University, Hamilton.

Makereti [Maggie Papakura].(1986) [orig. 1938].The old-time Maori. Auckland, N.Z.: New Women’s Press.

Matamua, R. & Temara, P. (2009). Ka mate kāinga tahi, ka ora kāinga rua.Tūhoe and the environment-The impact of the Tūhoe diaspora on the Tūhoe environment. In Rachael Selby, Pātaka Moore and Malcolm Mulholland (eds.) Māori and the Environment: Kaitiaki. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia Publishers.

Matamua, R & Temara P (2009) Te Reo Maori in 2020-A Māori Language Speaking Society. He Pī Ka Rere.

McIntosh, T. (2005). Māori Identities: Fixed, Fluid, Forced.I n J.H. Liu, T. McCreanor, T. McIntosh, & T. Teaiwa (Eds). New Zealand Identities: Departures and Destinations (pp. 38-51).Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University.

Mead, H. (2003). Tikanga Māori: Living by Māori values. Wellington, New Zealand: Huia.

Meredith, P. (2006). Urban Māori, in Māori People of New Zealand: Ngā Iwi o Aotearoa. Te Ara-the encyclopedia of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Te Manatū Taonga, Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Ministry of Justice. (2001). He Hīnātore ki te Ao Māori-A glimpse into the Māori world. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Justice.

Orchiston, W. (2000). A Polynesian Astronomical Perspective: The Māori of New Zealand. In Helaine Selin & Sun Xiaochun (eds.) Astronomy Across Cultures – The History of Non-Western Astronomy.

Orbell, M. (1996). The Natural World of the Māori. Auckland, New Zealand: David Bateman Ltd

Rout, E. A., & Te Rake, H. (2003). Maori symbolism. London, England: Stephen Austin & Sons.

Rangihau, J. (1992). Being Māori (pp. 148-190). In M. King (Ed.), Te Ao Hurihuri Aspects of Māoritanga. (pp. 171-182). Auckland, New Zealand: Octupus Publishing.

Salmond, A. (1976). Hui: a study of Maori ceremonial gatherings (2nd ed.). Wellington, N.Z.: Reed.

Smith, L. T. (1999). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. London, England: Zed Books.

Steward-Harawira, M. (1993). Māori: who owns the definition? The Politics of Cultural Identity. Te Pua, 2, 27-34.

Walker, R. (1989). Māori Identity. In D. Novitz & B. Willmott (eds), Culture and Identity in New Zealand (pp 35-52).Wellington, New Zealand: Government Printer.

Webber, M. (2008). Walking the space between: Identity and Māori/Pākehā. Wellington, New Zealand: NZCER Press.

White, J. (1887-90). The ancient history of the Maori: His mythology and traditions (6 vols.). Wellington, N.Z.: Government Printer.

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Online Support

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This paper is supported by Moodle. Look at Moodle weekly for paper readings, notices and other relevant information. Should the lecturer also wish to commmunicate outside of class hours this will normally be by News Forum on Moodle.
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This paper has 4 contact hours weekly. Students are expected to attend all lectures and complete the required readings. This paper is worth 15 points and has a workload of 150 hours (1 point is worth 10 hours):

  1. Lectures: 2 x 2 hours weekly - 48 Hours
  2. Self­ Directed Learning: 8.5 hours weekly - 102 Hours
  3. Total: 150 hours
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Linkages to Other Papers

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Prerequisite papers: MAORI102 or TIKA163




Restricted papers: TIKA263, TIKA264

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