MNGT501-18T (HAM)

Research Methods in Management Studies

30 Points

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Waikato Management School
Te Raupapa
Waikato Management School Dean's Office


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Paper Description

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This paper offers an introduction to research methods and methodology for postgraduate students toward enabling participants to form the knowledge and develop the skills needed to carry out independent research in management or related field. A desired outcome is that students completing the paper would be able to design and defend a research study plan and be able to write up a comprehensive and cohesive research proposal. This is a broad introduction in order to accommodate management backgrounds generally. An aim of the paper is also to ensure that the student may emerge prepared for other and more advanced discipline, methodology or paradigm specific research method papers.
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Paper Structure

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The paper structure is based on lecture and seminar. In the first week there is only lecture. The remaining weeks will involve a seminar in addition to the lecture. The seminar will require that each student choose a topic from the paper and deliver a formally prepared seminar which will be followed by question and answer session and a group discussion by the students and the faculty.
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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the course should be able to:

  • On completion of the paper, students should (assessment in parentheses):

    1. Understand what is management research and how is it carried out. Specifically, how to design a research project and be able to discuss general frameworks for and approaches to research (All);

    2 : Be able to perform a comprehensive literature review of a chosen area of research (all but Intro Paper);

    3 : Be more able to critically read and evaluate the literature to find and place their research idea into a gap; more specifically, they should be able to critically analyze the comparative strengths and weaknesses of different research strategies for a given research question or distinguish between a badly executed business research from a good one (All but Intro paper);

    4 : Be able to understand the research process and the literature, tools and techniques associated with each phase of the process from library research through research motivation, research question, hypothesis formulation, selection of the research strategies and design, data collection, and analysis, to the preparation of publishable research reports (All);

    5 : Have a familiarity with important issues and papers, past and current, in their fields (Anotated Bib and Lit Review);

    6 : Understand proper research ethics and referencing (All).

    7. Have a knowledge about how to publish in a good journal and make their research visible (All).

    Linked to the following assessments:
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This paper is based on entirely internal assessments.
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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. Preliminary Research Topic
19 Nov 2018
12:00 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
2. Semminar
  • In Class: In Workshop
3. Case Study in Management Research 1
26 Nov 2018
12:00 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
4. Case Study in Management Research 2
5 Dec 2018
12:00 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
5. Research Paper
14 Dec 2018
12:00 AM
  • Online: Submit through Moodle
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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Reading List Link

Saunders, Mark; Lewis, Philip and Thornhill, Adrian (2016) Research Methods for Business Students, 7ed, ISBN: 978-1-292-01665-8, Pearson Education Limited

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Recommended Readings

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Introduction, Paradigm, Design

Alvarado, F., (1996) "Concerning Postmodernity and Organizations in the Third World: Opening a Debate and Suggestions for a
Research Agenda", Organization Science, 7, 6, 667-681.

Burrell, G., and G. Morgan, (1979) Sociological Paradigms and Organisational Analysis, Heineman, London.

Meredith, J.R. (1995) "What Is Empirical Research?" Decision Line, March, 1011.

Moore, N. (2000). Develop the Research Objectives. How to Do Research, London: Facet Publishing. ixxv, 39.

Frankfort-Nachmias,C. and D. Nachmias. (1996). Ethics in Social Science Research, In Research Methods in the Social Sciences,
Ch4. St. Martin’s Press, NY.

Literature Reviews

Parsons, L.C. and M.S. Harris. (2002). Relevance, Writing Style, and Synthesis: Key Elements in a Focused Review of the Literature.
Orthopedic Nursing, 21(5). 65.

Rowley, J. and F. Slack. (2004). Conducting a Literature Review. Management Research News, 27(6), 3139.

Torraco, R. J. (2005). Writing Integrative Literature Reviews: Guidelines and Examples. Human Resource Development Review, 4(3),

Webster, J. and Watson, R.T. (2002). Analysing the Past to Prepare for the Future: Writing a Literature Review. MIS Quarterly, 26(2).

Orlikowski, W.J. and J.J. Baroudi, "Studying Information Technology in Organizations: Research Approaches and Assumptions",
Information Systems Research, 2, 1, March 1991.

Deetz, S. (1996)"Describing Differences in Approaches to Organization Science: Rethinking Burrell and Morgan and Their Legacy",
Organization Science, 7, 2, 191-207.

Doolin, B. "Field Research in Information Systems". Working paper. U of Waikato.

Robey, D. (1994) Diversity in Research on Information Systems. Decision Line. 67.

Pope, J.A. (1995) "Improving Survey Response Rates", Decision Line, March, 34.

Pinsonneault, A. and K. Kraemer, "Survey Research Methodology in Management Information Systems: An Assessment", Journal of
Management Information Systems, Fall 1993, Vol. 10 No. 2., pp 75-105.

Validity and Reliability
Cook, T.D., and D.T. Campbell, "The Design and Conduct of QuasiExperiments and True Experiments in Field Settings", in Handbook
of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, M Dunnette, ed. Wiley & Sons, NY. pp 223-246. 1983.

Dröge, C. (1996) "How Valid are Measurements?" Decision Line, Sept/Oct, 1012.

Straub, D.W. and C.L. Carlson, (1989) "Validating Instruments in MIS Research", MIS Quarterly, 147-165.

Case Research
Eisenhardt, K.M., (1989) "Building Theories from Case Study Research", Academy of Management Review. 14, pp 532-550.

Doolin, B., "Case Research in Information Systems: An Alternative Perspective", Research Report Series, 19948, Department of
Management Systems, University of Waikato

Benbasat, I., D.K. Goldstein, & M. Mead, "The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems", MIS Quarterly, September
1987, p 369-386.

Walsham, G. (1995). “Interpretive case studies in IS research: Nature and method,” European Journal of Information Systems, 4(2), 74-81.

Checkland, P. (1991) "From Framework Through Experience to Learning:The Essential Natureof Action Research", Information
Systems Research, 397-403.

Elden, M. and R.F. Chisholm, (1993) "Emerging Varieties of Action Research: Introduction to the Special Issue", Human Relations, 46,
2, 121-142.

Chisholm, R.F. and M. Elden, (1993) "Features of Emerging Action Research",Human Relations, 46, 2, 275298.

Robertson, J. (2000)“The Three Rs of Action Research: reciprocity, reflexivity and reflectiononreality,” Education Action Research, 8,
2. 307-326.

Grounded Theory
Strauss, A. and J. Corbin. (1994). Grounded Theory Methodology. In Handbook of Qualitative Research, N. Denzin and Y. Lincoln, Sage.

Hannabuss, S. (1996). Research Interviews. New Library World, 97107.

Alvesson, M. (2002). Postmodernism and Social Research. Buckingham,UK; Open University Press. 117.

Interpreting Text
Van Dijk, T.A. (1998). Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis. In The Sociolinguistics Reader, Vol 2, Ch 14, Gender and Discourse. J.
Cheshire and P. Trudge, Arnold, London. 367-393.

Lacity, M. C. and Janson, M.A. (1994). Understanding Qualitative Data: A Framework of Text Analysis Methods. Journal of MIS, 11(2),

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Other Resources

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A dictionary of management research method:

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Online Support

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All course materials are available through MyWeb. Additionally, a Facebook page will run concurrently to answer any questions or queries after hours which will form a part of the contact hours. So you are encouraged to regularly participate, read posts and make comments. The url for the FB page is:
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This is a 500 level course, and the 30 points represents approximately 300 learning hours on the part of the students. It is understood that each student will spend approximately 50 hours per week in attending lectures, preparing and participating in seminars, engaging in official Facebook page of Mngt501, studying and preparing notes and carrying out other course related activities. This course runs over 13 weeks, students are expected to put in at least 25 hours per week of learning effort over the duration of the course.
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Linkages to Other Papers

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The intention of this course is to get you going on your masters or PhD dissertation or thesis. While it is not intended that research proposals written in this paper can be used for further higher research degrees at UoW, the skills on research process learned through this paper can certainly serve as the basis for your thesis or dissertation to start in the course taken after MNGT 501. You should thus be able to hit the ground running in the semester following this course.
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