MUSIC118-22A (HAM)

Performance Techniques 1

15 Points

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Division of Arts Law Psychology & Social Sciences
School of Arts


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Paper Description

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This course introduces the fundamental techniques that enable you to perform professionally in a public arena on your chosen instrument. These techniques will form the very foundation of your career as a performing musician and must therefore be thoroughly understood and practised. Your instrumental tutor/lecturer formulates a special course of study designed according to your specific proficiencies and requirements. The course is taught through individual lessons, group studio classes including individual instrumental/voice classes and Performance Hour, choir and orchestra participation, experience in public performing, and the opportunity to attend concerts of professional musicians. Your progress and level of preparation are monitored at lessons, instrumental classes, Performance Hour sessions, end-of-trimester test and public performances. Experience in stage management and ushering is also part of the course. A satisfactory pass in this course gives you entry to the B semester course MUSIC120 Performance 1.

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Paper Structure

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50min weekly lesson times will be arranged with your individual tutor/lecture. Students will receive up to, and a maximum of 12 lessons per semester. In some cases teachers will give some of your lesson time in shared classes. You must attend these classes as well as your lessons. Note that some individual instrumental lessons may take place off campus.

Attendance and absence: You are expected to be warmed-up and ready for your lessons and classes at the allocated time. As this course involves a lecturer/student ratio of 1:1, attendance is mandatory. Any unexcused absences will affect your final grade and you must provide a medical certificate for all lessons missed due to any illness. The tutor/lecturer is under no obligation to allocate an alternative time for missed lessons.

Preparation: You are expected to arrive at your lessons and classes having fully prepared the material set by your tutor/lecturer. This requires self-discipline and thorough practice. You are welcome to utilise the practice facilities available in I Block ground floor, but you should also expect to practise at home. The upstairs dressing rooms at the Gallagher Academy of Performing Arts cannot be used for practising while any staff member is engaged in a lesson, or rehearsal time in any of those rooms. Practice rooms in I Block may be booked for up to 2 hours at a time. A 10 minute break is allowed and advisable for a 2 hour practice session. However if you are not in the room you have booked for more than 10 minutes, your booking is forfeited, and another student may take over your booking. Please be considerate to each other in your use of the rooms. Booking charts can be found on the door of each room.

Instrumental/Voice class

Students are required to attend these classes and aim to perform regularly. Voice, Piano, Violin, Cello and Wind class run at varying times over the week at the Academy of Performing Arts. Times will be arranged at the beginning of each semester. Please inquire with your instrumental/vocal lecturer if you are unsure of times and locations.

Vocal Requirements

The prescribed course is to learn a minimum of four Vaccai Vocal Method exercises (your teacher may recommend more if required) along with a selection of scales (major, harmonic/melodic minor) and arpeggios (major/minor).

Students will be required to present a 15 minute recital of songs, which in agreement with your Voice Teacher will cover a suitable range of styles, and for the Classical Stream will include one Aria Antique and one song by a New Zealand composer.

Compulsory Requirements

Choir and Orchestra participation

All students enrolled in the BMus performance programme must join the University Chamber Choir or the University Orchestra. Attendance at all rehearsals and performances by the orchestra or choir as appropriate is compulsory. Failure to fulfil this requirement will constitute a failure to complete the requirements of this course. A register of attendance will be kept by the choir and orchestra directors. Failure to attend this course will also prohibit enrolment for credit in Choir or Orchestra (MUSI227-XXY) in the 2nd year of study.

Performance Hour

You are required to attend these sessions, contribute to the discussions, and perform regularly (a minimum of 2 times per trimester) as directed by your performance teacher. A register of attendance will be kept noting your presence at the beginning and end of performance hour and also a note of whether you contributed to the discussion. Failure to regularly attend performance hour will result in a deduction to your coursework mark.

All students are rostered to give a short performance at least once per trimester, and information on when you are required to do so is in the Google Calendar “Music Student Information Calendar”. Students can sign themselves up for further performances by using the ‘Friday Performance Class Booking calendar’. To have these calendars added to your account, please email either your university or a gmail email address to the Music administrator. Note that all students must have performed the work in their instrumental class before they can perform it in the Performance Hour.

NB For off-shore students affected by the COVID-19 situation the following arrangements are in place:

Lessons will be commenced when students arrive to Waikato, and a study plan will be set in place in order to help the student catch up on any work missed. Students should be in contact with their teacher, and Convenor of the course to discuss how they may commence studies whilst away from the Waikato campus.

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Learning Outcomes

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Students who successfully complete the paper should be able to:

  • Technique, and expression
    This first semester paper presents a more technical focus to your studies. The basic technical elements will be introduced and learned, and the student should be able to demonstrate these issues to a satisfactory level at the final exam. There may be opportunities for the performance tutors to talk about and work on musical ideas, styles and expressions, and some works may be expected in a complete performance presentation during the exam.
    Linked to the following assessments:
  • Organisation, Music Learning and Time Management

    This semester will help the student to develop skills further in these fields, with an expectation that self guided study will begin to be established to a satisfactory level of the course level,

    The use of diaries, notebooks for note taking in classes, and rehearsal schedules are expected elements for a successful course completion

    Linked to the following assessments:
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Progress Assessments (60%)

These assessments will take into consideration the following:

- Ability to take onboard ideas given to you during one-on-one lessons, and groups classes

- Class preparation

- Management of self directed learning

- Proactive approach to learning music given to you

- Level of development across assessment periods

- Participation in group classes

- Abilty to collaborate with those around you

- Technical achievement

Final Assessment (40%)

You must give a technical presentation (e.g. scales, arpeggios, studies and sight-reading) and present a programme of works displaying the variety and extent of your techniques. The programme for the test will be set by your instrumental/vocal tutor. It is compulsory to include a New Zealand work in your repertoire for the year. This piece can be performed as part of the programme for assessment in either the MUSIC118 or MUSIC120 exam. Your test should last a total of up to 20 minutes, including technical presentation and programme.

You will be graded on technical achievement and also musical understanding. The following qualities will be examined in order to ascertain technical achievement; posture, breath control, tone quality, rhythmic understanding, intonation, understanding and execution of technique as appropriate to the works being performed (ie appropriate bowing technique, shifting).

Final performance assessment content: Programme and length must be presented exactly as instructed and can only be changed by agreement with your tutor/lecturer.

Final performance assessment dates: Students will be given individual final performance assessment times scheduled according to the University calendar.
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Assessment Components

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The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0. There is no final exam. The final exam makes up 0% of the overall mark.

The internal assessment/exam ratio (as stated in the University Calendar) is 100:0 or 0:0, whichever is more favourable for the student. The final exam makes up either 0% or 0% of the overall mark.

Component DescriptionDue Date TimePercentage of overall markSubmission MethodCompulsory
1. 1st progress assessment
8 Apr 2022
No set time
  • Other: In class
2. 2nd progress assessment
6 May 2022
No set time
  • Other: In class
3. 3rd progress assessment
10 Jun 2022
No set time
  • Other: In class
4. Final Recital
22 Jun 2022
No set time
  • Presentation: In Class
Assessment Total:     100    
Failing to complete a compulsory assessment component of a paper will result in an IC grade
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Required and Recommended Readings

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Required Readings

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There will be no required reading for this course unless given by your performance tutor.
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Other Resources

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Listening: Extensive and intelligent listening is one of the primary tools for developing an understanding and appreciation of the variety and extent of techniques possible on your chosen instrument. Critical listening is required at the Performance Hour sessions, instrumental classes and at the Wednesday Lunchtime Recital Series as well as other public concerts offered locally and further afield. Students should attend all NZSO, Opus Orchestra and NZ Chamber Music concerts. You should also attend all performances available to you given by your teachers as this is how you will come to understand the communication skills they are working to help you develop. Please make an effort to utilise all listening resources available to you, including the CD and video collections in the University Library and Hamilton Public Libraries.

Concerts and Concert attendance:

Students studying music are reminded of the importance of attending concerts. In particular, all music students are expected to attend:

  • Wednesday Lunchtime Recital Series in the Concert Chamber
  • Hamilton Chamber Music Society programme
  • New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
  • All other Conservatorium of Music events, seminars, masterclasses and concerts

Radio NZ Concert provides a wide repertoire of recorded Western music as well as many interesting talks on musical matters (91.4MHz)

Most Conservatorium of Music concerts are free to all music students. Details of the concert schedule can be found in the Concert Programme leaflet, or on teh Gallagher Academy of Performing Arts website - The google calendar ‘Music Student Information Calendar’ also contains all concert information. Email a university or gmail address to the Music Administrator to have this calendar added to your account if you do not already have access. Students are expected to study this, diary the events and attend all concerts offered. The Wednesday Lunchtime Recital Series begins on the first Wednesday of A Trimester in the Gallagher Concert Chamber of the Academy of Performing Arts and runs all year.

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Online Support

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All communication regarding written assessments and performance opportunities will go through Moodle
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All performance students are given a one hour lesson per week, and it is expected that to successfully complete this course the student must be practising no less then 4 hours per day.
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Linkages to Other Papers

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Entry is subject to a successful audition.




Restricted papers: MUSI118

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